Topic– Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
7) There is an urgent need to reconsider green clearance mechanism for small-scale mining in India. Examine.(250 words)
Why this question
Small-scale mining is a huge source of resource exploitation, environmental degradation as well as corruption. It is necessary to look into the issue in detail and discuss why there is a need to reconsider the regulatory aspects of Small-scale mining in India.
Examine- here we have to probe deeper into the topic, get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to dig deeper into the issue of small-scale mining in India and bring out the reasons in detail as to why there is an urgent mechanism to reconsider the green clearance mechanism designed for small-scale mining.
Structure of the answer
Introduction- write a few introductory lines about the regulatory aspect of small-scale mining in India. E.g the regulating authorities identify the areas where mining can be allowed and also where mining must be prohibited due to geological and physical limits etc.
Discuss in points about the problems with the green clearance mechanism for small-scale mining and why therefore there is a need to reconsider it. E.g In its December order, the NGT has observed that the 2016 EIA Amendment has failed improve environmental safeguards for mining in small scale leases; the tribunal questioned the competence and knowledge of authorities dealing with such ECs; There are mounting cases of rampant and illegal activities particularly related to sand and stone mining,; DEAC is not competent enough to conduct proper scientific evaluation of project impacts allowing it to evaluate sand mining proposals, which is a major small scale mining activity in all states and has huge environmental implications, is also not suitable for the Sustainable Sand Mining Management Guidelines, proposed by the union ministry in 2016; The NGT has particularly questioned expertise and qualification of the DEAC members as outlined in the 2016 Amendment; To ensure environmentally responsible mining, the Centre should develop guidelines in spirit of the SC judgment that was given in 2012. The SC in its 2012 judgment in the matter of Deepak Kumar etc. vs State of Haryana & Ors. had emphasised the ills of unscientific sand mining and the importance to deal with it through proper regulatory mechanism.
Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.