Topic– Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
6) Despite the environmental and human costs, and NGT orders banning rat -hole mining, it is widely practiced across Meghalaya. Critically analyze.(250 words)
Why this question
Rat-hole mining is a dangerous business and it recently took over the life of around 13 people in Meghalaya. This highlights the need to discuss its harms and also why the activity has continued even though NGT has banned it.
Critically analyze- here we have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts, and present them as a whole in a summary. based on our discussion we have to form a concluding opinion on the issue.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to bring out in detail about the environmental and human costs of rat-hole mining in Meghalaya and bring out the reasons as to why the activity continues even after NGT orders banning it.
Structure of the answer
Introduction- write a few introductory lines about the Rat-hole mines. E.g briefly present a picture of a rat-hole mine as to how it is dug etc.
- Discuss briefly the environmental and human costs of rat-hole mining. E.g it is a dangerous pursuit putting at risk the lives of miners who venture inside without any safety; danger of flooding and mine collapse; environmental hazard posed by mined out coal etc.
- Discuss why rat-hole mining continues in Meghalaya even after the NGT has banned it. E.g the relaxations granted by the court have made it difficult to enforce the ban; The green tribunal, too, on several occasions, has caved in to appeals by miners and allowed the transportation of coal that had already been extracted; in January miners tend to sneak in fresh coal with previously extracted coal etc.
Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.