Topic – Environmental pollution and degradation
7) Compare and contrast the performance of Delhi vis a vis Beijing in tackling air pollution?(250 words)
Why this question
The article compares and contrasts the performance of Delhi and Beijing in tackling air pollution. Learning from the example of a city that has managed to successfully alleviate part of the problem that Delhi grapples with will help us in deciding the way forward for Delhi.
Key demand of the question
The question expects us to explain the steps taken by Delhi and Beijing in tackling air pollution and explain what gives Beijing the edge and what lessons Delhi can learn from Beijing in tackling air pollution.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Highlight the scale of the problem of air pollution faced by Delhi and Beijing.
- Discuss the steps taken by Delhi in tackling air pollution – odd even scheme, ban on construction etc
- Discuss the steps taken by Beijing in tackling air pollution – Beijing set doable targets and made sure they are achieved. For this, the government restricted movement of diesel trucks within the city and major cargo corridors in and out of Beijing, resulting in reduction of PM2.5 pollution by 35%. All construction-related activities were banned from November 15, 2017, to March 15, 2018. Carbon emissions reduction was strictly imposed on heavily polluting industries.
- Explain that Beijing on the basis of research and data has tackled the major causes and achieve significant improvements. Delhi on the other hand has lagged behind in upgrading it’s infrastructure for combating vehicular emissions etc
Conclusion – Discuss the lessons that are there for Delhi and the way forward.