5) Low standards in education, lack of requisite skills and unemployment form a vicious cycle which is detrimental to India’s demographic dividend. Comment. How can human resource development play a role in addressing this problem? Examine.(250 words)

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Topic– Part of static series under the heading – “Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources”

5) Low standards in education, lack of requisite skills and unemployment form a vicious cycle which is detrimental to India’s demographic dividend. Comment. How can human resource development play a role in addressing this problem? Examine.(250 words)

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to discuss how low education standards, poor skill education and unemployment feed into each other leading to a creation of a vicious cycle. We need to highlight how this essentially hinders the growth opportunities for the country which is provided by demographic dividend. Finally we need to explain how focussing on human resource development can help in alleviating these issues.

Directive word

Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any .

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain that India has a short window of time where it can focus on the strength of its demographic dividend and accelerate its growth.

Body – Initially explain the problem of low education standards, poor skill level and how these issues feed into the problem of unemployment. Thereafter, highlight how these issues are likely to snowball into a major impediment for India going forward considering the amount of youth that are being added to the labour force. Explain in brief that India has a short window to capitalise on its demographic dividend and examine what needs to be done to build up skill level and education level amongst the young population so as to ensure that India is able to reap the advantage of its demographic dividend.

Conclusion – Give your view and discuss the way forward.