- Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
- Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.
Distribution of Soil Health Cards (SHC) for optimal utilization of fertilizers
Soil Health Card Scheme has been taken up for the first time in a comprehensive manner across the country. It is provided to all farmers.
It is to enable the farmers to apply appropriate recommended dosages of nutrients for crop production and improving soil health and its fertility.
- Collecting soil samples at a grid of 2.5 ha in irrigated area and 10 ha in un-irrigated areas.
- Uniform approach in soil testing adopted for 12 parameters primary nutrients (NPK), secondary nutrient (S); micronutrients (B, Zn, Mn. Fe & Cu); and other (pH, EC & OC) for comprehensiveness.
- GPS enabled soil sampling to create a systematic database and allow monitoring of changes in the soil health over the years.
National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) will be implemented during 12th Plan to make agriculture more productive, sustainable and climate resilient; to conserve natural resources; to adopt comprehensive soil health management practices; to optimize utilization of water resources; etc.
Soil Health Management (SHM) is one of the most significant interventions under NMSA.
Aims of SHM:
- To promote Integrated Nutrient Management (INM) through judicious use of chemical fertilizers including secondary and micro nutrients in conjunction with organic manures and bio-fertilisers for improving soil health and its productivity;
- To strengthen soil and fertilizer testing facilities to give soil test based recommendations to farmers for improving soil fertility;
- To ensure quality control requirements of fertilizers, bio-fertilizers under Fertiliser Control Order, 1985;
- To upgrade skill and knowledge of soil testing laboratory staff, extension staff and farmers through training and demonstrations;
- To promote organic farming practices, etc.