[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 05 DECEMBER 2018

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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 05 DECEMBER 2018

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

 


General Studies – 2


Topic:Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the
performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the
protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

1) Communities such as that of transgenders warrant special attention from not only the state machinery, but from the society at large. Examine. (250 words) 

Indian express

Why this question

The article highlights the plights of transgender community and discusses the interventions made to improve their life. It talks about the need for a multi-pronged approach to deal with the issues faced by transgenders.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to highlight the issues faced by the transgender community, discuss steps taken by judiciary, legislature and executive to improve their status. Thereafter, we need to discuss that the need is not only to bring in legislations etc to protect them but also for the society overall to develop empathy.

Directive word

Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any .

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain that Transgender people have a gender identity or expression that differs from their assigned sex at birth. They are sometimes also referred to as transsexuals if they desire medical assistance in order to make the transition from one biological sex to another.

Body

  • Bring out the issues faced by transgender people
    • pushed to the margins of society, and have lost the social-cultural position they once enjoyed. Often shunned as a menace to society, they are now only visible on the streets and localities where they are found begging, never as a part of the mainstream.
    • subject to extreme forms of social ostracisation and exclusion from basic dignity and human rights. They remain highly vulnerable to gender-based violence. As a direct result of their acute mistreatment, vilification, ostracisation and dehumanisation, they also remain highly vulnerable to fatal communicable diseases like HIV-AIDS.
  • Discuss the interventions made by the state to improve their status. Discuss this by highlighting the steps taken by the executive, judiciary and legislature.
  • Highlight that it is not enough only for the state to keep taking measures but the need of the hour is die society to now apply the healing touch. Discuss examples of Madhu Kinnar etc who has managed to become a mayor, which reflects the change in attitude.

Conclusion – Summarize the issue and discuss way forward.


Topic- Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

2) The constitution of Central Mental Health Authority (CMHA) is a welcome step but more needs to be done in this direction. Comment.(250 words)

Timesofindia

Why this question

The centre has recently constituted the CMHA, as mandated under the Mental Health Care Act, 2017. It is important to understand the structure and functions of the CMHA.

Directive word

Comment- here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.  

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to express our knowledge and understanding of the CMHA and bring out why it is a welcome step but still more needs to be done in this direction.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– mention that India is a signatory of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, and in this direction it  passed the new Mental Health Care Act in 2017.

Body-

Mention that Mental Health Care Act in 2017  mandates constitution of CMHA, SMHA and Mental Health Review Boards.

  1. Discuss about the CMHA in detail. E.g briefly discuss its constitution- officio and in-officio members. Then discuss its primary duties. E.g to monitor and regulate establishment of mental health institutions across the country; registration of clinicians, ensure availability of medication in PHCs; develop quality and service provision norms, train stakeholders etc
  2. Discuss what more needs to be done in this direction. E.g The success of the CMHA and SMHAs will be in making available appropriate and comprehensive care be it in PHCs, hospitals or in inclusive settings for those with long term needs as mandated by the Act, and in decreasing disability and suffering as a result of mental disorders etc.

Conclusion- based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


Topic– Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

3) Discuss the nine-point agenda put forward by India to deal with the issue of fugitive economic offenders.(250 words)

Reference

Reference

Why this question

India has been witnessing a series of high profile economic offenders escaping the country. It has put-forward a nine-point agenda to deal with the issue. It is therefore essential to discuss the agenda in detail.

Directive word

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the salient aspects of the nine-point agenda put forward by India in the recent G20 summit and how it wants to tackle the issue of fugitive economic offenders.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a simple definition of an fugitive economic offender. E.g

Body-

Discuss in points the salient aspects of the nine-point agenda forwarded by India. E.g The agenda calls for cooperation in legal processes such as effective freezing of the proceeds of crime, early return of the offenders and efficient repatriation of the proceeds of crime; India suggested that the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) should be called upon to assign priority and focus to establishing international cooperation that leads to timely and comprehensive exchange of information between the competent authorities and financial intelligence units; India also advocated setting up of a common platform for sharing experiences and best practices including successful cases of extradition, gaps in existing systems of extradition and legal assistance, etc.

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


General Studies – 3


Topic –  Indian Economy and issues relating to planning

4) Planning has had an immense impact on economic development of India and should continue to play a key role in economic decision making in the country. Analyze. (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question

The article describes the role that planning played in the initial years of economic development in India which laid the foundation for the successes enjoyed in the later years. This article discusses the issues with planning process in post LPG era and what the way forward must be. At a time when one of the criticisms of Niti Ayog has been the way it has handled planning, this issue is relevant for mains.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to analyse how planning played a key role in bringing India on to the path of industrialization and how India became a model for other third word countries. Next, we need to analyze the role played by planning in current years and the issues with it. Finally, we need to discuss what sort of economic planning do we envisage in the coming years.

Directive word

Analyze – When asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain the nature of planning activity carried out in India in the form of five year plans that took place in India since independence.

Body

  • Discuss how planning helped in industrialisation of the country in the early 1950s. This involved the setting up of public sector units (PSUs) in diverse areas of manufacturing; research institutions in cutting-edge technologies of the time such as space and atomic energy; and centres of higher learning, including the Indian Institutes of Technologies (IITs).
  • Explain that through planning and foraying in to sectors such as machine building and nuclear research, which needed capital and technology more critically than labour, India was also challenging a deeply held orthodoxy in economic theory. Also highlight the fact that planning did very little to remove the hurdles to the growth of agriculture and small-scale industries.
  • Examine the relevance of planning in post LPG era where the economy is more governed by market forces and role of planning overall has diminished.
  • Discuss issues involved in the planning process in current time and give suggestions on how it can be used as a strategic tool.

Conclusion – Give your view on the relevance of planning in current context and discuss way forward.


Topic – Indian Economy and issues related to growth

5) The GDP back series calculations raises a lot of unanswered questions over how the economy has been faring since 2011. Examine and comment on the current state of Indian economy.(250 words) 

Livemint

Why this question

The GDP back series calculations have been presenting varying pictures over the status of Indian economy in the last decade or so. There is a need to understand the data in depth to have a better understanding of how the economy has been faring and the issues that it is faced with.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to explain the GDP back-series data up to 2004-05  based on 2011-12 base year and discuss what it tells about the economy since 2011 and comment on the current state of the question economy.

Directive word

Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any .

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Highlight that the central statistics office has presented new GDP growth data under the new base series which has presented conflicting pictures and highlighted several issues involved therein.

Body – Highlight that the new calculation has revised GDP growth data based on calculations. However bring out that other economic metric are not in consonance with the other indicators of economic growth such as increase in capital formation, savings rate etc. Discuss what is meant by revising the growth figures and what actually are the takeaway from the entire exercise by CSO. Highlight that the economy has still failed to recover fully – bad debt, capital formation etc are huge issues that need tackling for economy to grow.

Conclusion – Discuss the relevance of the GDP back series calculations and bring out the current state of economy.


General Studies – 4


Topic– Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.

6) What do you understand by a dual-use dilemma. Discuss with examples.(250 words)

Reference

Directive word

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the meaning of a dual-use dilemma and give some practical examples to make the meaning of the term more clear.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– Write a few introductory lines about the  dual-use dilemma. E.g The dual-use dilemma occurs when a piece of research or technology can both benefit and harm humanity.

Body-

  1. Discuss about the dual-use dilemma in detail. E.g The dual-use dilemma is primarily an ethical dilemma for researchers who have to decide whether the ethical benefits are justified given the risks. It also has implications for those involved in funding research, journalists reporting findings and the public who might be harmed by the consequences of dual-use research; It’s important to note the dual-use dilemma assumes the researcher has no intention to produce something harmful – they only intend to do good. The danger lies in the possibility for other people using their work to do harm. Once the technology is created it can’t be unmade. Who is responsible for the unforeseeable consequences? And should researchers contemplate those consequences before getting started?  etc.
  2. Give some practical examples of such dilemmas being faced by society or you or someone else. E.g give the example of the recent gene-editing exercise conducted by a Chinese researcher etc.

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.

 



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

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