Are you Ready for Insta 75 Days Revision Plan (UPSC Prelims - 2020)?
Topic – Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
7) In the wake of the recent scientific reports on Climate change, it is imperative to finalise the rule book by 2018. Comment.(250 words)
Why this question
The IPCC has recently released its report on climate change and the future prospects. Rule book under the Paris Climate pact is also being prepared in Katowice, Poland and is an important document as far as our endeavours against climate change are concerned.
Comment- here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to express our knowledge and understanding of the recently released scientific reports in relation to climate change. It also wants us to express our opinion as to why framing the rule book under the Paris Climate pact is to be done at earnest.
Structure of the answer
write a few introductory lines about the recently released report of IPCC. E.g The report presented last month has said that to attain the 1.5°C target, the world needs to bring down its greenhouse gas emissions to about half of its 2010 levels by 2030, and to net zero by about 2050.
- Discuss about the other reports in brief detail. E.g This week’s Emissions Gap report, released by the UN Environment Program, has said if the countries do not substantially enhance their actions before 2030, the 1.5° target would get out of reach. Calling for “unprecedented and urgent action”, it has reported that total annual global greenhouse gas emissions in 2017, at 53.5 billion tonnes carbon dioxide-equivalent, was 0.7 billion tonnes higher than the previous year. This is the first time in four years that the total emission has shown an increase; Last week, the World Meteorological Organization reported that global average surface temperatures in 2018 was all set to be the fourth highest ever recorded. The 20 warmest years have all been in the last 22 years, with the top four being the last four years etc.
- Discuss the meaning and importance of the rule book to be formed as per the Paris Climate pact. E.g rule book will consist of rules, procedures, guidelines, and institutional mechanisms through which the provisions of the Paris Agreement would be implemented. These include such things as agreeing on accounting standards to measure emissions, processes for monitoring, reporting and verification (commonly referred to as MRV in climate negotiation circles) of actions being taken by individual countries, mechanisms to raise financial resources and ensure the flow of funds for climate projects, and institutions to facilitate the diffusion of appropriate technologies to countries and regions that need them.
Conclusion- based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.