Are you Ready for Insta 75 Days Revision Plan (UPSC Prelims - 2020)?
Topic -Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.
1) Although Germany had very disadvantages it became the most industrialised state by the end of 19th century. Examine. (250 words)
Examine- here we have to probe deeper into the topic, get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to delve deeper into the Germany of the 19th century, describe the challenges it faced and bring out the reasons as to how it was able to overcome those challenges and become the most industrialised state by the end of 19th century.
Structure of the answer
Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the 19th century Germany. E.g Germany had the natural resources required to start an industrial revolution. Large coal reserves located in the areas of Saar, Ruhr, Upper Silesia, and Saxony. Iron deposited sited in the areas of Erzgebirge, Harz Mountains, and Upper Silesia.
- Discuss the disadvantages suffered by Germany at that time, which hampered Industrialisation. E.g Germany had challenges after the Napoleonic War ended in 1815. Only the major ports of Bremen and Hamburg had clear and secure access to the North Sea. But even so, it did not had any clear access to the vibrant trade routes in the Atlantic; many medievalist economic institution remained in place, hampering the growth of agriculture and industries. Feudalism returned and continued; Moreover, guild controlled much of the industries and because with their licensure policies, the establishing of factories became difficult and limited; Germany before 1871 was made of numerous German States with Prussia being biggest. And so trade was difficult and circulation of raw materials to factories was also hard etc.
- Discuss how despite those disadvantages, Germany became the leading industrial power by the end of 19th century. E.g Among the German states, Prussia emerged as the most economically powerful country in 1815. Prussia controlled major manufacturing towns, coalfields, and trade routes. The Prussian government showed great enthusiasm towards economic progress, which became vital to its status as a great power. In 1818, Prussia moved immediately to counter the problems arising from the post-Napoleonic era; The Zollverein grew from the Prussian Tariff of 1818 to a full pledge customs union that became a catalyst for German unification. The Tariff of 1818 became the basis of Prussia and signed commercial treaties with neighboring German states in order to form of customs union etc.
Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.