Topic -Events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.
1) Discuss the factors that led to the overthrow of the provisional government in Russia, formed after the February revolution of 1917. (250 words)
Mastering World History by Norman and Lowe; Russia and the revolutions, 1900-24
Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.
Key demand of the question
The question wants us to write in detail about the factors which were responsible for the downfall of the provisional government formed after the February revolution of 1917.
Structure of the answer
Write a few introductory lines about the February revolution of 1917. E.g By January 1917, most groups in society were disillusioned with the incompetent way the Tsar was running the war. The aristocracy, the Duma, many industrialists and the army were beginning to turn against Nicholas, feeling that it would be better to sacrifice him to avoid a much worse revolution that might sweep away the whole social structure.
Discuss in points about the factors responsible for the downfall of the provisional government formed after the February revolution. E.g It took the unpopular decision to continue the war, but the June offensive, was another disastrous failure; The government had to share power with the Petrograd soviet, an elected committee of soldiers’ and workers’ representatives, which tried to govern the city; The government lost support because it delayed elections, which it had promised, for a Constituent Assembly (parliament), arguing that these were not possible in the middle of a war when several million troops were away fighting. Another promise not kept was for land reform – the redistribution of land from large estates among peasants; There was increasing economic chaos, with inflation, rising bread prices, lagging wages and shortages of raw materials and fuel. Industry was severely handicapped by a shortage of investment. In the midst of all this, Lenin and the Bolsheviks put forward what seemed to be a realistic and attractive policy etc.
Conclusion- based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.