Topic– Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance-
applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency &
accountability and institutional and other measures.
3) Do you think that there is a need to make international structures governing more democratic in the wake of rise of transnational conflicts . Comment.(250 words)
Why this question
The article discusses the growing number of international conflicts of business nature. It discusses why there is a need to make the associated international structures more democratic in this regard.
Comment- here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to express our knowledge and understanding of the growth of transnational conflicts. It wants us to express our opinion as to why there is a need to make the related international structures more democratic.
Structure of the answer
Write a few introductory lines about the rise of MNCs and global tech companies like Facebook, Google, Uber etc.
- Discuss the factors responsible for the growth and rise of transnational conflicts e.g Globalization and technological advances; growth of bilateral treaties of economic nature; claims of IPRs by foreign and multinational pharmaceutical companies etc.
- Discuss how they threaten the traditional democratic structures and notions. E.g issues that were earlier resolved within a sovereign state in accordance with its constitutional system have now acquired a transnational character; Whatever a country’s Constitution may say about the right to life and the right to health for its citizens, it will still be dragged before an international tribunal if it attempts to forestall or mitigate a public health crisis by lifting patent restrictions upon, for example, a life-saving drug; final decision is taken by a set of individuals who are beyond the structures of accountability that are established in democratic and constitutional states; clashes between national regulatory authorities and the corporations that drive the new “gig economy”, such as Uber etc.
- Discuss how they could be made more democratic and accountable to the wishes of the people. E.g mention the need for an international progressive movement that mobilizes behind a vision of shared prosperity, security and dignity for all people, and that addresses the massive global inequality that exists, not only in wealth but in political power etc.
Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.