Topic– Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests
4) Indo-German development cooperation has deepened over the six decades and the two countries today are natural partners making a joint effort for prosperity. Comment. (250 words)
Why this question
India and Germany share several values and objectives. They are among the world’s largest economies and share a long history of a bilateral relationship. It is essential to discuss this relationship in detail.
Comment- here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to express our knowledge and understanding of the Indo-German relationship, trace the relationship and highlight the key aspects of cooperation and mutual interest and also express our opinion as to how the two nations are natural partners making joint efforts for prosperity.
Structure of the answer
Introduction– Write a few introductory lines about the Indo-German relationship. E.g India was one of the first nations to recognise the young Federal Republic of Germany in 1951 etc.
- Discuss the history of cooperation between the two countries. E.g In the early years and in line with the government policy of that time, their joint projects targeted industrial growth, poverty reduction and rural development. To mention one example, in the 1960s German development cooperation supported the agricultural revolution in the Nilgiris by helping small farmers to get loans and determine favourable cultivation practices for potatoes etc.
- Discuss the commonalities between the two countries. E.g Both share common values and constitutional principles, and the bilateral relationship has always been based on great mutual respect and understanding. Today, India is one of the biggest and fastest-growing economies, and Germany is the biggest economy in Europe. Both are natural partners making a joint effort for prosperity, while ensuring that they safeguard the environment etc.
- Discuss the focus of cooperation between the two countries today. E.g First, the Clean Ganga initiative in which Germany has pledged a loan of Rs 970 crore to strengthen sewage water treatment infrastructure in Uttarakhand; Second, In 2013, the Maharashtra Power Generation Corporation Limited, supported by German funds, set up a 125 Megawatt solar photovoltaic power plant in Sakri; Third, green mobility and development are one of the key issues for the future of countries and Germany has pledged up to Rs 8,900 crore over five years to improve solid and liquid waste management and provide climate-friendly urban transport like the Metro in Nagpur, which is the single biggest project of German financial cooperation in India etc.
Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.