Topic- The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.
2) Discuss the reasons behind the decadence of the Swadeshi movement even though it deployed the entire gamut of Gandhian techniques.(250 words)
India’s struggle for independence by Bipin Chandra Pal- The Swadeshi Movement- 1903-08
Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to write in detail as to why the Swadeshi movement failed even though it deployed the entire gamut of Gandhian techniques.
Structure of the answer
Introduction– Write a few introductory lines about the Swadeshi movement. E.g when it started and the extent of its spread, important leaders etc.
- Discuss the Gandhian techniques deployed by the Swadeshi movement. E.g The movement threw up the entire gamut of Gandhian techniques such as passive resistance, non-violent non-cooperation, the call to fill the British jails, social reform, constructive work, etc.
- Discuss why the movement fell into decadence even though it employed the entire gamut of Gandhian techniques. E.g It was, however, unable to give these techniques a centralized, disciplined focus, carry- the bulk of political – India, and convert these techniques into actual, practical political practice, as Gandhiji was able to do later; it was not able to garner the support of the mass of Muslims and especially of the Muslim peasantry; Hindus and Muslims were divided along class lines with the former being the landlords and the latter constituting the peasantry. During this period All India Muslim League was set up with the active guidance and support of the Government; the government, seeing the revolutionary potential of the movement, came down with a heavy hand; internal squabbles, and especially the congress split, in 1907 in the Congress weakened the movement; though the Swadeshi Movement had spread outside Bengal, the rest of the country was not as yet fully prepared to adopt the new style and stage of politics; Tilak was sentenced to six years imprisonment, Ajit Singh and Lajpat Rai of Punjab were deported and Chidambaram Pillai was arrested; Bipin Chandra Pal and Aurobindo Ghosh retired from active politics etc.
Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.