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1) A major weakness of the 19th century peasant movements was the lack of an adequate understanding of colonialism. Discuss.(250 words)

Topic -The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.

1) A major weakness of the 19th century peasant movements was the lack of an adequate understanding of colonialism. Discuss.(250 words)

India’s struggle for independence by Bipin Chandra Pal- Peasant Movements and uprisings after 1857

Directive word

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the peasant movements witnessed during the 19th century in India, bring out their salient features and discuss the weakness of those movements in terms of lack of understanding of colonialism.

Structure of the answer

Introduction-

write a few introductory lines about the  peasant movements of 19th century India. E.g the Indigo revolt, Pabna revolt and the Deccan revolt.

Body-

Discuss the common features of such revolts and bring out why such movements lacked an adequate understanding of colonialism. E.g the peasants fought only for their own demands, centered almost wholly on economic issues, and against their immediate enemies, foreign planters and indigenous zamindars and moneylenders;  They did not make colonialism their target and their objective was not the ending of the system of their subordination and exploitation; they had little territorial reach with no mutual communication or linkages; They also lacked continuity of struggle or long-term organization. As soon as the objectives of a movement were achieved, its organization, as also peasant solidarity built around it dissolved and disappeared; These movements lacked the understanding of the economic structure and the colonial state — and of the social framework of the movements themselves; Most importantly they lacked a positive conception of an alternative society etc.

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.