Topic – Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment Disaster and disaster management.
7) Well-being within ecological limits requires a societal transformation redefining ‘happiness’. Comment in the context of the rising environmental pollution in India.(250 words)
Comment- here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to express our opinion on the rising environmental pollution in India and the requirement for social transformation in order to secure well-being within ecological limits.
Structure of the answer
Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the increasing environmental pollution in India.
Discuss why there is a need to redefine happiness and how it should be defined in order to stay within the ecological limits. E.g mention consumerism as a major driver of ecological degradation and environmental pollution; In addition following technological solutions for the consequences of human behaviour, we should really consider how to change that behaviour itself; Industrialization, infrastructure development and urban consumption patterns cumulatively contribute to well-being; Infrastructure, rather than industry, is indispensable for the provision of services essential for human well-being. It has used up half of the material stock, has no substitute and will use up more than half the available carbon budget before saturation levels are reached around 2050. By modifying long-term trends, we can enhance the remaining budget and abate urban air pollution; Even after industrialization and infrastructure reach stabilization levels, consumption will continue to be propelled by the shift of the economy to the services sector and increasing levels of pollution from wasteful lifestyles. Two-thirds of the energy use and emissions of carbon dioxide come from cities; two-thirds of this is from vehicles etc.
Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.