Topic- Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
5) The World Malaria Report 2018 of the World Health Organisation notes that India’s record offers great promise in the quest to cut the number of new cases and deaths globally. Critically Analyze.(250 words)
Why this question
The World Malaria report, 2018 provides a moment of satisfaction or India. The report highlights India’s recent achievements in controlling the disease and deaths associated with it. It is therefore important to analyze the report in order to learn from the initiatives taken in this direction.
Critically analyze- here we have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts, and present them as a whole in a summary. based on our discussion we have to form a concluding opinion on the issue.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to dig deep into the issue and bring out the findings of the given report and deliberate upon the initiatives responsible for the success achieved by India and also form a personal opinion in the form of discussion of any further suggestions in this direction.
Structure of the answer
Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the recent world Malaria report. E.g The World Malaria Report 2018 of the World Health Organisation notes that India’s record offers great promise in the quest to cut the number of new cases and deaths globally by at least 40% by 2020, and to end the epidemic by 2030.
- Discuss the initiatives/ reasons responsible for the reduction of incidence/ deaths due to malaria in India. E.g In Odisha( one of the most endemic States) investments were made in recruiting accredited social health workers and large-scale distribution of insecticide-treated bednets, together with strategies to encourage health-seeking behaviour; The WHO report highlights a sharp drop in the number of cases in the State. The reduction in cases by half in 2017 compared to the same study period in 2016 appears to reinforce research findings: malaria cases in Odisha have been coming down steadily since 2003, with a marked reduction since 2008, attributed to greater political and administrative commitment. This positive trend should encourage authorities not just in Odisha, but in the northeastern States and elsewhere too to cut the transmission of the disease further etc.
- Discuss what more should be done by India to reduce the burden of the disease and the deaths associated with it. E.g Eliminating malaria requires an integrated approach, and this should involve states like Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and West Bengal, which have a higher burden of the disease. Odisha’s experience with using public health education as a tool and reaching out to remote populations with advice needs to be replicated etc.
Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue. E.g Given that emerging resistance to treatment has been reported in Myanmar, among other countries in this belt, there is a need for a coordinated approach to rid southern Asia of malaria.