Topic- Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
8) Discuss the spectrum of political attitudes which are prevalent in today’s societies. (250 words)
Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to write in detail about the spectrum of political attitudes prevalent in today’s societies across the world. We have to discuss briefly about each of the political attitude in the spectrum.
Structure of the answer
Introduction- write a simple definition of a political attitude.People at each point on the political spectrum have an attitude about changing the existing political system (the status quo) by adopting certain policies or by pursuing certain courses of action.
Discuss in points about the spectrum of political attitudes and briefly discuss each attitude in the spectrum. E.g
Radical- In general terms, a radical may be defined as a person who is extremely dissatisfied with the society as it is and therefore is impatient with less than extreme proposals for changing it. Hence, all radicals favor an immediate and fundamental change in the society.
Liberal- Liberals are placed closer than radicals to the status quo point on the continuum because they are less dissatisfied with the fundamentals of society. Indeed, the liberal supports the basic features of that society.
Moderate- Moderates are fundamentally satisfied with the society, although they agree that there is room for improvement and recognize several specific areas in need of modification. However, they insist that changes in the system should be made gradually and that no change should be so extreme as to disrupt the society
Conservative- Conservatives are the most supportive of the status quo and therefore are reluctant to see it changed. Conservatives are often accused of lacking vision, but this charge is unfair.The primary reason conservatives are suspicious about the prospects of improving society through deliberate political policy is that they do not believe human reason is powerful enough to even completely understand, let alone solve, society’s problems.
Reactionary- only the reactionary proposes retrogressive change; that is, reactionaries favor a policy that would return society to a previous condition or even a former value system. All reactionaries reject claims to human equality and favor distributing wealth and power unequally on the basis of race, social class, intelligence, or some other criterion.
Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.