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Topic-Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.
7) What do you understand by empathy? How does it differ from forgiveness? Analyze whether cultivating empathy would rid the world of acrimony?(250 words)
Why this question
The article discusses the role empathy plays in human actions and discusses the other attitudes which compliment it. This question would help you understand the concept to empathy in significant detail.
Key demand of the question
The question expects us to to first explain what empathy is. Next we need to bring out the difference between empathy and forgiveness and how the motive and manner of these two differ. Finally, we need to explain whether empathy alone would rid the world of all acrimony and make it more peaceful or whether it works in combination with other attitudes.
Analyze – When asked to analyze, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Explain that these form a part of our attitude.
- Explain what empathy is – imaginative exercise in which one sees the world from the other person or group’s viewpoint. Empathy, so defined, is morally neutral.
- Discuss how empathy differs from forgiveness – forgiveness is the waiving of angry feelings toward someone as the result of a process in which the offender confesses, apologises, and promises not to offend again. The process standardly involves significant abasement and even humiliation. All this is deeply built into the idea of forgiveness
- While answering the third part you can divide your answer in 3 parts. The thesis will be that empathy alone would help us in understanding the motivations of other and make the world more peaceful. The antithesis will be that empathy alone is not sufficient where you can discuss the example of criminals. Finally, the synthesis will be the combination of attitudes with empathy that would make the world less acrimonious.
Conclusion – reiterate the arguments behind your synthesis discussed above.