Topic – Indian Art and culture.
1) The onset of Kambala in Karnataka will once again bring alive the debate between animal rights and celebration of customs. Discuss.(250 words)
Why this question
From Saturday onwards, the Kambala season will be here which is basically a customary sport in Karnataka involving racing bulls. In the backdrop of jallikattu protest, the issue of animal rights vs celebration of customs will again come to light and hence this question.
Key demand of the question
The question expects us to first explain about Kambala and the debate that it gives rise to. Thereafter, we need to present both side of the debate and give a fair and balanced conclusion along with way forward.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Explain about Kambala.
- Explain the background to the issue – Karnataka government had promulgated Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Karnataka Amendment) Ordinance, 2017 on July 20 last year. The President gave his assent to the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Karnataka Amendment) Bill making Kambala a legal rural sport in Karnataka. The Bill seeks to exempt kambala and bullock-cart racing from the ambit of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (PCA) Act, 1960.
- Highlight that the debate arises because activists claim that the buffaloes run in the race due to fear of being beaten, which the organizers dismiss, saying no violence is involved and that several modifications had been made to ensure that it is an animal friendly event.
- Discuss both sides of the debate
Conclusion – Give your fair and balanced opinion on the matter and discuss way forward.