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3) The looming threat of water crisis is intensified due to its inefficient usage in energy sector. Analyze.(250 words)

Topic– Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation.

3) The looming threat of water crisis is intensified due to its inefficient usage in energy sector. Analyze.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question

Niti Ayog has painted a bleak picture of water scenario in India. Planning and preparation must be in place to tackle this situation. The article discusses the issue of inefficient usage of water in energy sector and suggests steps on how it can be addressed. Hence this question

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to first discuss the precarious situation with respect to water that India faces, as highlighted by Niti Ayog. Next, we need to bring out the inefficiencies of water usage in energy sector and why this needs a quick fix. Finally, we need to provide suggestions and way forward.

Directive word

Analyze – When asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Bring out the result of CWMI by Niti Ayog to highlight the precarious situation with respect to water in India and why it needs to be addressed.

Body

  • Explain that the issue gains importance because about 1498 billion cubic metres (BCM) versus 744 BCM — is the gap predicted between the demand and supply of fresh water, by 2030. In the projections that the Central Water Commission (CWC) released in 2015, the sector-wise requirement of water (that is, for drinking and domestic use, industry and energy) will rise ste
  • Highlight that water use in energy sector is only expected to increase. The share of water consumed by this sector was 0.62% in 2010, which is pegged to rise up to 1.37% in 2030 and 8.98% in 2050.
  • Discuss about the issue of inefficient water use in energy sector particularly thermal energy which is the highest water guzzler and occupies greatest share in India’s energy pie. Also explain challenges relating to data collection etc
  • Discuss the potential solutions

Conclusion – Emphasize on the need for water management and discuss way forward.