Topic – Indian art and culture
1) The Pallava era witnesses a transition from rock cut to free-standing temples. Comment. (250 words)
Why this question
The article discusses the news that Mamallapuram stone sculpture got the GI tag. Tamil Nadu in its application stated that sculptures from Mamallapuram are known to be carved in stone with characteristics of intricate designing chiselled finely, keeping with the spirit of the surrounding Pallava art and architecture, which brings the focus on Pallava art and architecture, and hence this question.
Key demand of the question
The question expects us to discuss the transformation in Pallava architecture from rock cut to stone built temples. We need to highlight how the two were different from each other along with examples.
Comment – When you are asked to comment, you have to pick main points and give your ‘opinion’ on them based on evidences or arguments stemming from your wide reading. Your opinion may be for or against, but you must back your argument with evidences.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Mention that the Pallavas introduced the art of excavating temples from the rock. In fact, the Dravidian style of temple architecture began with the Pallava rule.
- Discuss about the four stages of temple development and explain how they evolved from rock cut structure to stone built temples.
- Explain the main points of differences between the two architectural styles under pallava dynasty such as the evolution of the pillars that were used etc
Conclusion – Comment on how the temple architecture evolved during the Pallava rule and how the design and construction became more elaborate.