Topic – India : climate
3) Explain the mechanism and impact of North East monsoon in India?(250 words)
Key demand of the question
The question expects us to discuss the mechanism of retreating monsoon as well as the impact of it wherein we need to discuss the amount of rainfall, areas and other events such as cyclones etc need to be highlighted.
Introduction – Explain that most of rainfall is brought during monsoons and explain the two seasons.
Body – Explain the mechanism of retreating monsoon. The months of October-November form a period of transition from the hot rainy season to the dry winter conditions. Explain that the the retreat takes place due to the weakening of the low-pressure area over the north-western parts of India (and thus a gradual transition of ITCZ towards the south). This happens due to: The apparent shift of sun towards the equator, Reduction in temperature due to widespread rains.
Explain the areas where such rainfall occur and that likelihood of cyclones increases.
Conclusion – Highlight the significance of North East monsoon for India.