Topic– Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
5) Bans and fines can’t stop stubble burning. Do you agree. Also discuss how the issue should be handled. (250 words)
Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to write in detail as to why it is difficult if not impossible to stop stubble burning by imposing bans and fines. It also wants us to discuss as to what should be the way forward and what measures need to be take while dealing with this problem.
Structure of the answer
Introduction– write a few line about the Stubble burning. E.g Paddy stubble burning in the months of October and November is a major contributor to Delhi’s air pollution woes, which reached the highest this year, recently.
- Discuss why there is a need to stop stubble burning in terms of cons of stubble burning. E.g It causes loss of nutrients, smoke and particulate pollution that can move over long distance; Damage to electrical and electronic equipment from floating threads of conducting waste; Risk of fires spreading out of control; There is a perception that stubble burning contributes to atmospheric CO2. However carbon dioxide releases are only slightly greater than those from natural decomposition etc.
- Discuss why bans and fines won’t control stubble burning in terms of the pros of stubble burning. E.g It quickly clears the field and is the cheapest alternative; Kills weeds, including those resistant to herbicide; Kills slugs and other pests.Can reduce nitrogen tie-up etc.
- Discuss the way-forward e.g. The most efficient technology to counter crop burning at the moment, seems to be the Turbo Happy Seeder (THS); Another use of paddy straw will be as fuel in a power plant; to produce ethanol from paddy straw.
Conclusion – Based on your discussion form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.