Topic– Part of static series under the heading – “infrastructure : airports”
6) Examine the developments of Airports in India through Joint Ventures under Public-Private Partnership(PPP) model. What are the challenges faced by the authorities in this regard?(250 words)
Key demand of the question
The question expects us to discuss the evolution of PPP in airport sector, explain tb issues involved therein and challenges faced. Finally we need to highlight the way forward.
Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic, get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any .
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Write about importance of airports and general development through PPP
- Highlight that the privatization of Indian airports was set in motion way back in 1999, when a greenfield airport was
set up in Cochin under the PPP route. Followed by airports of Bangalore and Hyderabad in 2004.In 2006, the aviation ministry signed concession agreements with GMR and GVK for expansion and
modernization of New Delhi and Mumbai international airports. Thereafter, the privatization process was grounded following global economic slowdown, opposition by AAI employees, etc
- Explain that Even though the privatization route has allowed development of efficient world class airports in India
and has fueled the growth of air traffic in India, not all are in favor of it. Especially employees of AAI, who fear losing their jobs when private developers take over.
- Discuss the challenges faced by the authority such as increased charges at airport, issues in concessionaire agreements etc
Conclusion – Mention that government in budget has launched Nabh Nirman scheme for development of airport, wherein the issues discussed above need to be resolved.