Topic– Land reforms in India.
4) What were the objectives of land reforms in independent india. Discuss. Also Discuss why those reforms have failed to achieve the desired results.(250 words)
Structure of the answer
Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the land reforms done in post-independent India. E.g The Indian Government was committed to land reforms and consequently laws were passed by all the State Governments during the Fifties with the avowed aim of abolishing landlordism, distributing land through imposition of ceilings, protection of tenants and consolidation of land-holdings. One of the significant achievements of these acts was the abolition of absentee landlordism in several parts of India.
- Discuss the objectives of land reforms. E.g (1) to enhance the productivity of land by improving the economic conditions of farmers and tenants so that they may have the interest to invest in and improve agriculture, (2) to ensure distributive justice and to create an egalitarian society by eliminating all forms of exploitation, (3) to create a system of peasant proprietorship with the motto of land to the tiller and (4) to transfer the incomes of the few to many so that the demand for consumer goods would be created.
- Discuss why land reforms could not achieve the desired results. E.g The act did not benefit sub-tenants and sharecroppers, as they did not have occupancy rights on the land they cultivated; Intermediaries were abolished, but the rent receiving class continued to exist; Many landlords managed to retain considerable land areas under the various provisions of the laws. Benami holdings became the order of the day in many States;The problems of transferring ownership rights from the actual cultivators of the land, the tenants, the sub-tenants, sharecroppers, therefore, remained far from resolved etc.
Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.