[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 12 NOVEMBER 2018

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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 12 NOVEMBER 2018

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Tomorrow’s Static Topic:  Economics of animal-rearing.


General Studies – 1


Topic– The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

1) Discuss the contribution of  Acharya J. B. Kripalani towards the Indian society.(250 words)

pib

Reference

Directive word

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the contribution of Acharya J. B. Kripalani towards the Indian society- before independence as well as towards the independent India.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the Acharya J. B. Kripalani. E.g J. B. Kripalani Bio As PDF

Acharya J. B. Kripalani was an accomplished politician and socialist, who contributed much towards Indian society, both before and after Indian independence.

Body-

Discuss in points the contribution of Acharya J B Kripalani towards the Indian society. E.g  he committed himself to the Non-Cooperation Movement. He worked on the ideology of social reforms and principles of education that Gandhi promoted in his various ashrams; He actively took part in the Salt Satyagraha, Civil Disobedience Movement and Quit India Movement, for which he was arrested and imprisoned a multitude times. His publication of seditious comments against British government also resulted in his incarceration; He took an active role in the interim government of India from 1946 to 1947 and in the Constituent Assembly of India; He spent the decade of 1970s working for the preservation and conservation of natural surroundings; n 1972, he voiced against Indira Gandhi’s authoritarian rule, stating that her governance had transformed from being democratic to dictatorial. He raised non-violent protests against her government throughout the country and even launched a civil disobedience movement against Gandhi’s government. Due to this, he was duly arrested and imprisoned upon the proclamation of Emergency on June 26, 1975 etc.

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


General Studies – 2


Topic-  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

2) Discuss the objectives and achievements of Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme in India.(250 words)

The hindu

Reference

Why this question

The recent outbreak of Zika Virus disease points out the importance of epidemiological measures in order to prevent major disease outbreaks in the country. In this context it is important to discuss about one of the most vital epidemiological surveillance programmes in India.

Directive word

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the IDSP- its objectives and its key achievements.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- write a few introductory lines about the  IDSP. e.g IDSP was launched in 2004 for a period upto March 2010. The project was restructured and extended up to 2012. The project continues in the 12th Plan with domestic budget as Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme under NHM for all States.

Body-

  1. Discuss the objectives of IDSP. e.g To strengthen/maintain decentralized laboratory based IT enabled disease surveillance system for epidemic prone diseases to monitor disease trends and to detect and respond to outbreaks in early rising phase through trained Rapid Response Team (RRTs).
  2. Discuss the achievements of IDSP. e.g Surveillance units have been established at all States and District Headquarters (SSUs, DSUs). Central surveillance Unit (CSU) is established and integrated in the National Centre for Disease Control; IT network has been established by connecting all States /Districts HQ and premier institutes in the country for data entry training, video conferencing and outbreak discussion; A portal under IDSP has been established for data entry and analysis, to report outbreaks and to download reports, training modules and other material related to disease surveillance; On an average 30 outbreaks are reported every week by the States to CSU;The weekly outbreak report generated by the CSU is shared with all key stakeholders including the Prime Minister’s Office. This is significant because it indicates the paradigm shift in the outbreak reporting attitude (from the traditional reluctance to report outbreaks to one that encourages outbreak reporting and response) enabled by the project etc.

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue. E.g IDS  has given a positive impetus to integration of surveillance functions primarily for epidemic prone diseases and decentralized symptoms-based detection  of early warning signals of outbreaks  at primary health care level.


Topic -India and its bilateral relations

3) In the current volatile global geostrategic framework, India and Japan seem to find a unique congruence of views. Examine.(250 words)

Financial express

Why this question

The recent visit of the PM to Japan led to signing of several agreements and reaffirmation of India Japan friendship. In context of their bilateral relationship, India and Japan are often called as natural partners. The article explains the complementarities in the relationship and discusses why the two countries are natural partners.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to bring out the content of the outcome of Modi’s visit to Japan. Thereafter, we need to show how the outcomes reflect a congruence of views between the two nations, wherein we need to show the complementary nature of the relationship between the two countries. In conclusion, we need to provide the way forward.

Directive word

Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any .

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Talk about the fact that the two countries in several joint statements have called each other natural partners. Explain what natural partners are.

Body

  • Discuss the outcomes of the visit such as a 2+2 framework institutionalisation of the relationship.
  • Discuss the perfect fit that exists between the two countries when it comes to economy, strategy etc. Discuss that there is a congruence of foreign policy objectives between the two nations.
  • Highlight the potential of the relationship and the pitfalls that the two countries need to be aware of

Conclusion – Give your view on the progress of relationship and discuss way forward.


General Studies – 3


Topic– Part of static series under the heading – “economics of animal-rearing”

4) Livestock sector in India has an important role to play in enhancing the level of inclusive growth in the country. Discuss.(250 words)

 

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to bring out the immense role that livestock sector can play in the economic growth in India, and in particular in achieving inclusive growth. We also need to highlight the challenges and the steps that have been taken to overcome them. In conclusion we need to give our opinion on whether focussing on livestock sector can help achieve inclusive growth.

Directive word

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain the problem of lack of inclusive growth and suggest that livestock sector might have a solution.

Body

  • Discuss the economic advantages of livestock sector
    • Plays an important role in Indian economy, about 2.5-3 cr people depend on it for food
    • Provides employment
    • Contributes to income or small farm households etc
  • Discuss specifically with explanations as to how it can aid in inclusive growth
    • Distribution of livestock is more equitable than that of land
    • Livestock sector contributes a low to income or small farm households
    • More than three-fourth of the labour demand in livestock production is met by women. The share of women employment in livestock sector is around 90% in Punjab and Haryana where dairying is a prominent activity and animals are stallfed
  • Discuss the challenges that lie ahead and the steps taken by government to address those challenges and take the sector forward

Conclusion – Give your view on whether this sector has the potential to bring inclusive growth.


Topic – Economics of animal-rearing;

5) The pursuit of creating surplus milk and dumping it across the globe has not only created livelihood crisis for millions of farmers but is also hurting the ecology. Analyze. (250 words)

Reference

Why this question

India is the largest producer of milk which provides livelihood to millions of small dairy farmers. Globally milk prices have slumped and caused distress in the dairy industry. In this context it is important to analyze the reasons behind the same and how it impacts livelihoods and the ecology.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to dig deep into the issue and bring out the reasons behind the dairy distress witnessed globally, including India and also discuss how it has impacted the ecology of the regions.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the  slump in milk prices witnessed globally, including India.

Body-

  1. Discuss how the pursuit of creating surplus milk and dumping it across the globe has created livelihood crisis for small farmers globally. E.g mention the abolition of quota system by the EU; mention the Russian sanctions on EU milk; In such a scenario, dairy multinationals are ramping up investments in new economies. Their rush is destabilising local dairy sectors in Africa and Asia and pushing small farmers to the brink of despair; This milk rush is ratcheting up long-standing accusations that poor countries pay the price for EU farm policies crafted in Brussels; To further compete with farmers who supply fresh milk, these multinationals have set up plants where they reconstitute SMP, at times by adding some herbs, and sell those as “quality” milk; As India has not opened up its market to foreign MNCs, the later started exporting cheap dairy products to those Asian and African countries where India had a stronghold. Since 2015, India lost its largest export market of Bangladesh, Egypt, Alegeria, the UAE, Yemen, Saudi Arabia and Pakistan to the EU etc.
  2. Discuss the ecological impacts of such practices. E.g discuss the welfare concerns of the dairy cows in the wake of industrialized production.

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


Topic– Part of static series under the heading – “Food processing and related industries in India”

6) The Food Processing Industry in India suffers from long and fragmented supply chain. Can contract farming provide plausible solution to this problem? Discuss.(250 words)

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to bring out the issue faced by food processing industry on account of inefficiencies in its supply chain. Thereafter, we need to discuss how contract farming can help in issues related to supply chain and help the food processing industry grow.

Directive word

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain the status of food processing industry in India

Body

  • Discuss the issues related to supply chain and the lack of forward and backward linkages. Explain the problems that it causes for the food processing industry.
  • Explain what contract farming is – Contract farming can be defined as agricultural production carried out according to an agreement between a buyer and farmer thus establishing conditions for the production and marketing of farm products.
  • Discuss contract farming can help resolve the inefficiencies of food processing industries
    • Assured Supply resulting in a better control over the factors of production.
    • The contract farming can aid the food process industry to encourage, incentivise and support farmers to enhance the quality of the crops. Thus assuring an enhanced quality of the input
    • Elimination of canalisation and cartelisation due to APMC act will aid in decreasing the cost of raw materials etc

Conclusion – Highlight what needs to be done and how contract farming can be promoted.


General Studies – 4


Topic– Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators

7) “The distinction of a good person is to take pleasure in moral action. In other words, human flourishing occurs when a person is concurrently doing what he ought to do and doing what he wants to do.” Do you agree. Comment.(250 words)

Reference

Directive word

Comment- here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to express our opinion on the given statement in the form of an agreement or disagreement. Here we can take any side but we have to justify our opinion based on a proper presentation of relevant facts/ arguments/ examples.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– Write a few introductory lines about the  importance of morality in one’s life and for the world.

Body-

Discuss in detail about the importance of taking pleasure in moral actions and its importance vis a vis human flourishing. E.g The key idea in ethics is a human individual’s own personal happiness and well being. Each man is responsible for his own character. According to Aristotle, each person has a natural obligation to achieve, become, and make something of himself by pursuing his true ends and goals in life. Each person should be concerned with the “best that is within us” and with the most accomplished and self-sufficient success and excellence; the value of virtuous activity resides in realizing a state of eudaimonic character. Such a state must be achieved by a man’s own efforts. A person needs to pursue rational or intelligent efforts in pursuing goods and in otherwise taking control of his own life. Because a man might fail or be thwarted in his efforts; Because human beings possess a nature that governs how they act, the perfection or fulfillment of their nature is their end. A human being is ordered to self-perfection and self-perfection is, in essence, human moral development. The goal of a person’s life is to live rationally and to develop both the intellectual and moral virtues. There are attributes central to human nature the development of which leads to human flourishing and a good human life; practical wisdom is not only concerned with universals (such as good or value), but also with particulars which became known through experience in the choices and activities of life etc.

Take the help of the article attached to the question to frame your answer.

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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