Topic– Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections
3) As the percentage of aged people in the country increases, improving the lives of people with dementia and their families and carers must become a national priority. Discuss.(250 words)
Why this question
The changing demography and the growing number of elderly in India is bound to result in the increase of people suffering from dementia. It is therefore necessary to make it a national priority to improve the lives of such persons who suffer from not only medical problem but also face social issues.
Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to write in detail about the plight of the elderly people suffering from the problem of dementia. It wants us to bring out the need to prioritise ameliorating the situation of such persons.
Structure of the answer
Introduction– mention that data from many parts of the world reveals age as a risk factor for dementia — though the debilitating condition, is not an inevitable consequence of ageing. Dementia is a form of cognitive impairment that affects memory and other cognitive abilities and significantly interferes with a person’s ability to perform daily activities.
- Mention that According to the WHO, it affects 50 million people worldwide; a number that is projected to increase to 82 million by 2030 and 152 million by 2050; discuss the problems faced by such patients- the stigma attached to the disease leads to the social isolation of patients, their families and careers; several of the needs of such people — social, economic or those related to health — remain unfulfilled. For instance, leave concessions at work, adaptable housing environments, adequate diagnostic facilities, treatment options, care provisions and risk reduction measures for people with dementia are not in place; Many require psychological support, biomedical facilities, appropriate medications, counselling services and end of life care. But these are not available etc.
- Mention India’s commitments in this regard. E.g the World Health Assembly in Geneva adopted the Global Action Plan on the Public Health Response to Dementia 2017-2025, which India has duly endorsed; The country’s commitment to Sustainable Development Goals — especially with respect to Goal 3 that deals with good health and well being — and the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities etc.
Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.