Topic– Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
5) Rural India faces a huge problem of air pollution, towards which sufficient attention has not been paid. Analyze. (250 words)
Why this question
Indian cities are grappling with the problem of air pollution and the issue has been sufficiently highlighted. However, rural India is also sailing in the same tide but remains largely out of the purview of the media and policy makers. The article discusses the issue in further detail.
Analyze-here we have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts, and present them as a whole in a summary.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to dig deeper into the issue and bring out the situation of air pollution in rural India and why it is worse than the problem in cities.
Structure of the answer
Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the problem of air pollution and indoor pollution in the rural India.
- Highlight the problem of air pollution in rural India in detail. E.g The World Health Organization’s Air Pollution and Child Health: Prescribing Clean Air report released earlier this week underlines the fact that India had almost 61,000 deaths of children under five years due to ambient and household pollution; For other children who are exposed to dangerous levels of air pollution in India—which is 98% or so of them—the issue links to a number of long-term physical and mental developmental problems; It is also connected with the country’s shifting epidemiological profile, feeding into the rise of non-communicable diseases such as cardiovascular conditions and cancer; of the 1.1 million air pollution-related deaths in 2015, 75% were in rural India; Stubble burning, brick kilns, coal-fired factories and wood fires for heat all contribute along with stubble burning in north India to a high degree of air pollution in rural India; The draft National Clean Air Programme has set out a miserably low number of monitoring centres for rural areas etc.
- Briefly discuss the efforts made by the government in managing the problem and bring out the inadequacies in those efforts. E.g Ujjwala yojana.
Conclusion- based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.