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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 27 OCTOBER 2018

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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 27 OCTOBER 2018

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Tomorrow’s Static Topic:Role of Women and Women’s organization(click here)


General Studies – 1


Topic– Part of static series under the heading – “Role of women and women’s organization”

1) Discuss how the role of women in Indian society has evolved over the ages?(250 words)

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to discuss how the role played by women in Indian society has evolved over the ages and the kind of problems that have been faced by women in each of the period under discussion and how those issues have been resolved.

Directive word

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain that the role of women in Indian society has evolved over the ages.

Body

  • Discuss has the role of women in early vedic age – Woman enjoyed good status and respect in the society. Worship of goddesses depict the respect woman had in societyWoman had overall freedom regarding- Could Select their partners (swayamvara), Live as spinsters, Widow could remarry, Women were Educated, No child marriage, No sati etc
  • Discuss role in later vedic age which witnessed decline of status and position of women in society. Explain how the role and status of women evolved through the medieval age to pre independence and then post independence India.
  • Discuss the rise of feminist movement in India in 1970s and how women have been empowered through legislations and societal changes.

Conclusion – give your view on the current status of women and give your view on what more needs to be done.


Topic – part of static series under the heading – “role of women and women’s organization”

2) Despite the importance of the sexual violence issue, women’s activism in India has not exclusively focused on this concern. Analyze.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question

Women activism in India has seen a sharp rise in the past few decades. However, it is not a recent phenomenon nor has been the activism restricted only to the issue of sexual violence. In this context it is important to analyze the breadth of women activism in India.

Directive word

Analyze-here we  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts, and present them as a whole in a summary.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to dig deep into the issue of women activism in India, identify and deliberate upon its role in fight against sexual violence and also discuss other areas, issues where women activism has been significant.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the  role of women in India’s freedom struggle and women related issues in the 19th century India.

Body

  1. Discuss some important cases of sexual violence which have historically elicited women activism. E.g
  2. Discuss some other issues which have been at the forefront of women activism in the past and contemporary India.

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


Topic– Part of static series under the heading – “Population and associated issues”

3) Critically examine India’s population policy of 1976 and explain the issues arising out of it?(250 words)

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to bring out the key features of India’s population policy and discuss the pros and cons as well as the impact of the policy.

Directive word

Critically examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any . When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, all you need to do is look at the good and bad of something and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain that Government of India introduced first National Population Policy in 1976, which focussed on reducing birth rate, lowering infant mortality rate and improving standard of life.

Body

  • Discuss the contents of the policy such as the focus on
    • No coercion for family planning
    • Minimum marriage age 18 years for females and 21 years for males.
    • Emphasis on awareness through education and media
    • Mandatory registration of marriages
      Use of media for spreading the awareness about family planning among the rural masses.
    • Monetary compensation to those who opt for permanent measures of birth control (sterilisation and tubectomy).
  • Discuss the pros and cons of the policy and how effective it has been in controlling population growth and associated issues
  • Highlight the issues arising out of the population policy such as
    • Firstly, the NPP had a narrow perspective, give much importance to contraception and sterilisation.
    • The basic prerequisite of controlling population include poverty alleviation, improving the standards of living and the spread of education.
    • Secondly, on national scale the policy was not publicised and failed to generate mass support in favour of population control.
    • Thirdly, we have insufficient infrastructure owing to the lack of trained staff, lack of adequate aptitude among the staff and limited use or misuse of the equipment for population control resulted in failure of the policy
    • Lastly, the use of coercion during the Emergency (1976-77) caused a serious resentment among the masses. This made the very NPP itself very unpopular.

Conclusion – Give your view on how the policy dealt with population and associated issues and discuss changes required.


General Studies – 2


Topic– Role of civil services in a democracy.

4) In the present digital societies, the public servants handle a lot of personal information of the citizens and it is important to handle that information ethically. Discuss how it can be done.(250 words)

Reference

Directive word

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail as to what should be the procedures, responsibilities, and requirements needed to ensure ethical management of public data handled by public servants today.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– Write a few introductory lines about the vastness of public works and interaction between the public and the public servants.

Body-

Discuss how personal information of the public can be ensured to be handled ethically. E.g

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


Topic – Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

5) The policy suggestions in National Digital communications Policy are important for the telecommunications sector and for Digital India. Examine.(250 words)

Financial express

Why this question

The article discusses the changes suggested by National Digital Communications Policy and the impact it would have on telecommunications sector and Digital India. The policy would have wide ramifications on the telecom sector considering the fact that the issues under discussion in the policy are all contemporary issues being faced by the telecom sector. Hence this question would help in preparing the issues faced by the sector and understanding how the policy tackles it.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to bring out the changes suggested by the policy and discuss how it impacts telecommunications sector and Digital India. Thereafter, we need to examine the specific issue being faced by the telecom sector and how the policy resolves them and helps in achieving aims and objectives under Digital India. Finally, we need to provide a balanced opinion on the policy and discuss way forward.

Directive word

Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any .

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Mention that National Digital Communications Policy is in public domain after months of wide-ranging as well as intensive consultations with all the stakeholders, and also after getting the recommendations of the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) in the matter.

Body

  • Discuss the changes suggested by NDCP such as
    • Revenue maximization is not a priority and infrastructure creation is
    • The need for consistency in policy
    • Allowing benefits of convergence in areas such as IP-PSTN switching
    • Incentivise green energy
    • Fine tuning policy related to spectrum allocation
  • Discuss the impact of such policies and the reasons why they are introduced. Here you should bring out the issues faced by telecommunications sector in India and how the policy addresses the issue
  • Comment on how the policies would help in case of Digital India

Conclusion – Give your view on the policy and discuss way forward.


General Studies – 3


Topic – Indian economy – Issues

6) NBFCs play a huge role in Indian economy. Discuss. Also comment on whether India needs to implement the idea of wholesale banks in the situation NBFCs find themselves today.(250 words)

Livemint

Directive word

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Comment- here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the role played by NBFCs in Indian economy and then it wants us to express our justified opinion about the need for wholesale banks in present India.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– define what is a NBFC and give some examples of such entities from India.

Body-

  1. Discuss in points the role played by NBFCs. E.g
  2. Define a wholesale bank and discuss its relevance for India. E.g

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


Topic –  Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation

7) Decentralised sludge management systems are vital to achieve clean water goals of India. Examine.(250 words)

The hindu

Reference

Why this question

The article discusses the situation of wastewater treatment in India and the dire need to ameliorate the situation by stressing upon decentralised sludge management systems in India.

Directive word

Examine- here we have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to examine the reasons as to why decentralised sludge management system is vital to achieve India’s clean water goals.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the  India’s clean water goals and mention India’s various rejuvenation programmes.

Body-

  1. Discuss the deficiencies in the present wastewater and sludge management. E.g  At the national scale, a United Nations report of 2015 estimates that 65,000 tonnes of untreated faeces is introduced into the environment in India annually. The Swachh Bharat Abhiyan promised a major shift, but it has focussed more on the basic requirement of household and community toilets in rural and urban areas etc.
  2. Discuss the merits of decentralised sludge management. E.g Decentralization takes into account basic principles of design in nature.“Traditional” wastewater systems circumvent natural patterns, sacrificing resiliency and efficiency for speed and size. Decentralized wastewater treatment disperses the resource closer to its source and minimizes surface discharges etc.

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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