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4) The lofty mountains on the north-west of the Indian subcontinent served more as channels of economic, political and cultural exchange than as barriers, as often claimed. Discuss. (250 words)

TopicIndian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

4) The lofty mountains on the north-west of the Indian subcontinent served more as channels of economic, political and cultural exchange than as barriers, as often claimed. Discuss. (250 words)

Early India by Romila Thapar; Landscapes and Peoples

Directive word

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the north-western lofty mountain ranges and why they were important channels of communication rather than barriers to exchange.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the Indian subcontinent and its historical association with the lofty Himalayas on the north, northwest and northeast.

Body- Discuss how the northwestern lofty mountain passages acted as channels of communication and exchange. E.g mention the Gomal, Bolan, khyber pass; mention that due to low height as compared to the mighty north himalayas, they remained open for most of the year; mention the pastoralists of central asia and Afghanistan who used the pass regularly; the Indo-Aryans; missionaries from Persia; Trade caravans; Armies; Shakas; KUshans; Parthians; Alexander’s army etc. Mention and discuss in detail about the use of the north-west mountain passes

Also discuss to what extent they acted as barriers to exchange.

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.