Topic– Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment; Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
3) The Agriculture Census 2015–16 establishes that structural constraints continue to exacerbate the agrarian crisis. Examine.(250 words)
Why this question
India depends on its agriculture for it still employs about 48% of the population. Therefore any poverty reduction initiative will not succeed unless India accounts for the poor state of its farmers. In this context it is important to examine the Agriculture Census 2015–16 and its key findings.
Examine- here we have to probe deeper into the topic, get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to examine into the details of agriculture census and its salient findings which highlight that structural constraints continue to exacerbate the agrarian crisis.
Structure of the answer
Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the agriculture in India- employment, contribution to GDP etc.
Discuss the key findings of the census and form your points in light of the key demand of the question. E.g According to the Agriculture Census 2015–16, the total area under farming in India declined from 159.59 million hectares in 2010–11 to 157.14 million hectares in 2015–16. At the same time, the number of operational holdings increased by 5.33%, from 138 million in 2010–11 to 146 million in 2015–16. Thus, the average size of operational holdings in India declined from 1.15 hectares to 1.08 hectares, reflecting the pressure of the increasing farming population on agricultural land, which is a critical factor of production that is also limited in supply; t shows that there has been a proliferation of small and marginal landholdings since the last agriculture census in 2011; The census also reveals that Scheduled Caste (SC) groups operated only about 9% of the total available area and that the average size of their holdings was 0.78 hectares. Also, about 92% of holdings operated by SC groups comprised small and marginal holdings. These figures disclose the extent of deprivation as a social group with respect to the operation of landholdings. This also establishes that structural constraints related to differences in the operational holding size across caste groups had been overlooked by most states and had not witnessed any major transformation so far etc.
Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.