Topic: Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life
5) What do you understand by a charter city. Critically analyze the relevance of charter cities for a developing country placed like India.(250 words)
Why this question
One of the nobel prize winners of 2018 has forwarded the idea of charter cities for the sake of better urban development. However the concept has been criticized on various fronts. It is therefore important to understand the concept and analyze its relevance for a country like India.
Critically analyze-here we have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts, and present them as a whole in a summary. Based on our discussion we have to form an opinion on the issue.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to bring out the meaning of the charter cities. It then wants us to discuss whether such cities are relevant for a country like India or not. Based on our discussion we have to form an opinion on the issue.
Structure of the answer
Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the Charter cities. E.g a charter city is a city in which the governing system is defined by the city’s own charter document rather than by general law. These cities may be administered predominantly by residents or through a third-party management structure, because a charter gives a city the flexibility to choose novel types of government structure.
Discuss the features of a charter city and form your opinion as to whether charter cities are relevant for a country like India. E.g The idea of “Charter Cities” should be of interest to developing countries such as India grappling with strategies for rapid urbanisation; Charter cities will make a developing country relinquish part of its sovereignty over certain territories ostensibly in exchange for economic growth. Hence, “Charter Cities” go against the basic principles of democracy and citizenship; Emerging economies like India can create and govern new cities on their own; India’s experience in creating new cities with parallel rules and governance systems has also been fraught with conflicts. Lavasa, a city near Pune which was developed by a private company, has been caught up in environmental disputes for many years; Charter cities ignore the pre-existence of multiple social and political claims over space in these supposed clean areas where such cities are to be built etc.
Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.