Topic– Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation
6) The lack of success of Namami Gange is having adverse impact of biodiversity of Ganges river. Analyse. (250 words)
Why this question
The article assesses the status of river Ganga with respect to its biodiversity and highlights how the biodiversity of the river is being impacted due to various reasons. Namami Gange is in the news and assessing the impact of the programme, and the reasons why pollution of Ganga rivers continues unabated and the impact it has had on biodiversity etc is important and needs to be prepared.
Key demand of the question
The question expects us to discuss the status of Namami Gange programme and highlight the impact on biodiversity as a result of pollution, dam construction etc. First, we need to analyse how defective Namami Gange has been in achieving its stated objectives. Next, we need to analyze the impact of such pollution on biodiversity of Ganges. Finally, we need to discuss steps to correct the situation.
Analyze – When asked to analyze, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Explain the objective and status of Namami Gange. Mention that according to a new report from the CAG, this new push to clean the Ganga is not delivering results. Government had only used $260 million of the $1.05 billion earmarked for the flagship programme between April 2015 and March 2017. All of these projects had a consistent list of problems: unused funds, an absence of a long-term plan, and delays in taking concrete action.
- Discuss the reasons why the flow of water, and the quality of water has deteriorated – dam construction, effluent discharge etc
- Discuss the impact on biodiversity in various stretches of the river as highlighted in the WII report. Mention that the problem is only likely to worsen in the days to come as a result of promotion of waterways.
- Discuss the steps that need to be undertaken to correct the situation – in the Upper Ganga, micro hydel power projects should be considered instead of larger dams, Flow Augmentation is a calculated release of water stored in reservoirs into the stream to maintain its natural flow. A good flow in the river will also help tackle huge pollution due to abundant dilution of water with the pollutants etc
Conclusion – highlight the emphasis government has put on Namami Gange and discuss the way forward.