Are you Ready for Insta 75 Days Revision Plan (UPSC Prelims - 2020)?
Topic: Part of static series under the heading – “Major crops”
5) There’s more to the Indian diet than polished rice and wheat and for that reason we should diversify from the major emphasis on paddy and wheat. Examine. (250 words)
Key demand of the question
The question expects us to highlight that Indian dietary regime is diverse and bring out the issues associated with farmers putting undue emphasis on growing rice and wheat. We need to discuss the reasons why this is problematic and the steps that can be taken to address the situation.
Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic, get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any .
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Give a brief background into the major crops grown in India to highlight the preponderance of rice and wheat. Mention that even areas which were traditionally not growing these crops are now doing so.
- Explain the reasons why focussing so much on rice and wheat is wrong – the climate angle, the problem of hidden hunger, the drain on soils nutrients etc
- Discuss the steps taken by the government to ensure that farmers cultivate a diversified set of crops and not just paddy and wheat
- Highlight what more can be done to ensure that the cropping pattern changes for the better
Conclusion – Reiterate the problems associated with focussing on paddy and wheat and discuss way forward.