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2) Indian summer monsoon has been known to be influenced by the ENSO, IOD and El Nino Modoki. Explain.(250 words)

Topic – Part of static series under the heading – “Climatic anomalies Indian monsoons”

2) Indian summer monsoon has been known to be influenced by the ENSO, IOD and El Nino Modoki. Explain.(250 words)

Key demand of the question

This question expects us to explain these climatic anomalies in brief and thereafter, explain their impact on Indian monsoons. You don’t need to go too deep into the explanations of these climatic phenomena, rather should focus on explaining their impact on Indian monsoons.

Structure of the answer

  • Explain what ENSO is in brief – El Nino and La Nina together. Discuss its impact on Indian monsoons.
  • Explain what Indian Ocean Dipole is and its impact on monsoons in India. Similarly for El Nino Modoki.