[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 02 OCTOBER 2018

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[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 02 OCTOBER 2018

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LIST of TOPICS (Static)


General Studies – 1


Topic– Part of static series under the heading – “Cyclones”

1) What are the conditions necessary for formation of cyclones? Explain why cyclones that emerge in Bay of Bengal are much more destructive than the ones that emerge in Arabian Sea?(250 words)

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to bring out the essential requirements of atmospheric conditions that lead to formation of cyclones. Thereafter, based on those reasons we need to discuss why cyclones are more destructive in Bay of Bengal vis a vis Arabian Sea.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain what cyclonic systems are

Body

  • Discuss the pressure, temperature etc which are required for the formation of a cyclonic system
  • Mention the reasons why cyclones are more destructive in Bay of Bengal vis a vis Arabian Sea
    • Temperature difference: The low pressure system of cyclone need continuous supply of heat energy and as the Bay of Bengal is warmer than Arabian sea, it is able to provide the heat energy needed to sustain the low pressure system.
    • Cyclones from Pacific ocean: The low pressure system originating from the pacific ocean also travel towards left to Bay of Bengal and hit the western coast from Bay of Bengal.
    • Peninsular Landmass: The cyclones originating from the Bay of Bengal side are not able to sustain while travelling above the peninsular landmass due to absence of energy of evaporation and weakens while reaching the Eastern coast.
    • Direction of the cyclones: The direction of the low pressure system are from right to left, hence the Arabian sea originating cyclones are not able to hit the coastal areas.

 


General Studies – 2


Topic:Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

2) What are the factors responsible for criminalization of politics in India. DIscuss. (250 words)

The hindu

Reference

Why this question

Criminalization of politics, use of money and muscle power is a severe problem in Indian politics and there is an urgent need to address the issue as has been highlighted by the SC recently. It is therefore necessary to discuss the reasons behind the criminalization of politics in India.

Directive word

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the factors responsible for the criminalization of politics in India.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines highlighting the situation of Indian politics in terms of criminalization- e.g Data from the Association for Democratic Reforms (ADR) indicate that 179 out of the 543 elected Members of Parliament in the present Lok Sabha have some kind of criminal case pending against them.

Body-

Discuss in points the reasons as to why such criminalization is prevalent in Indian politics. E.g The use of muscle power along with money power is a weapon used by all political parties to maximise electoral gains; The constitution does not specify what disqualifies an individual from contesting in an election to a legislature. It is the Representation of People Act which specifies what can disqualify an individual from contesting an election. The law does not bar individuals who have criminal cases pending against them from contesting elections; With cases dragging in courts for years, a disqualification based on conviction becomes ineffective. Low conviction rates in such cases compounds the problem;  voters don’t mind electing candidates facing criminal cases. Voter behaviour then emboldens political parties to give tickets to such candidates who can win an election on their ticket etc.

conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


Topic–  Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

3) E-governance has its own inherent limitations. Analyze in the context of India.(250 words) 

Reference

Why this question

The introduction of E-Governance is considered to be a necessity in a country like India. However there are several limitations of its application in India, which has certain unique social and economic conditions.

Directive word

Analyze-here we  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts, and present them as a whole in a summary.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to delve deep into the issue and identify the limitations that e-governance and its application faces in india.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about e-governance- what it means and why it is important. E.g E-Governance is a stepping stone to a more civilized and organized nation. The use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) are acting as the backbone for the implementation of E-Governance. E-governance is expected to play a significant role in reducing red-tapism and give way for a better bureaucracy in India, with a promise to reduce corruption and bring transparency.

Body-

Discuss in detail the limitations of e-governance in India. E.g

  1. India currently has the largest illiterate population. This literacy rate is the reason that acts as a challenging task for the government to implement e-governance in the country.
  2. Lack of knowledge is another problem that exists in the country. The ignorance that persists should be abolished and awareness needs to spread among people in order to raise the level of knowledge and increase the rate of literacy.
  3. India is the second most unequal country in the world with the top 1% of the population owing nearly 60% of the total wealth. This imbalance of income will act as a major challenge for the government because there is still a very large part of the whole population that cannot even afford to spend money on satisfying their hunger.
  4. The implementation of e-governance will abolish the need for middlemen in government proceedings. The root of corruption in the system will act as a major challenge for the government to tackle.
  5. Reliability of internet and electricity.
  6. High investment needed etc.

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


General Studies – 3


Topic–  Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

4) India’s unique travel patterns imply that country specific and city level policies are necessary to address slow urban mobility. Critically analyze.(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question

India has one of the slowest urban mobility in the world, riddled with congestion. However most of the times the problem is wrongly understood and sometimes also understated. In this context it is essential to understand the situation properly so that better policy decisions can be made.

Directive word

Critically analyze-here we  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts, and present them as a whole in a summary.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to delve deep into the issue and bring out the challenges of urban mobility and the need for country specific and city level policies in order to address the challenges involved.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the problem of traffic congestion in India- e.g Traffic congestion has increased dramatically in India. Congestion and the associated slow urban mobility can have a huge adverse impact on both the quality of life and the economy.

Body-

  1. Discuss in detail about the problem of traffic mobility in India. E.g mobility is slow in most Indian cities. It is slow even outside the peak hours of traffic, and in both large and small cities. India’s mean travel speed across cities is just 24.4 km per hour, much slower than the mean travel speed globally. There are also big differences in mobility across cities in India. A factor of nearly two separates the fastest and slowest cities. These differences are driven by the differences in uncongested mobility, and not by differences in how congested they are; Travel speed starts declining early in the morning and recovers late in the evening.Longer trips are faster. Trips further away from the city centre are also faster. Congestion really matters close to the city centre, especially in the big cities. Weather characteristics such as rain, humidity, heat, and more windy conditions are associated with higher travel speeds; Non-transportation uses of the roadway do slow down motorized vehicles etc.
  2. Discuss the need for country specific and city level policies in order to address slow urban mobility. E.g Standard policy recommendations such as congestion pricing or other types of travel restrictions may do little to improve mobility. Instead, potentially costly travel infrastructure investments may be the only way to improve uncongested mobility. Better uncongested mobility generally correlates with the process of faster economic growth;  More primary roads and regular grid patterns are associated with faster urban mobility etc.

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


Topic – Indian agriculture

5) Trade and marketing policies of India have inflicted a huge negative price support to Indian farmers. Critically Analyze. (250 words) 

Financial express

Why this question

The article talks about a recent ICRIER study which shows that the effect of governmental support for farming sector through subsidies is not having the impact that’s expected of such policies. The article also highlights the steps suggested which can help in better management of farming sector. The issue would help us in understanding the impact of government’s policies in a much better way.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to bring out an answer to the following points

  • The kind of policies undertaken by the government in focus here
  • The impact of such policies – both the good and the bad
  • Discuss the alternatives which are likely to have a much greater impact on the welfare of farming sector
  • Give a fair and balanced view and discuss way forward

Directive word

Critically analyze –

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Give a brief background of why trading and marketing policies are so important for the farming sector

Body

  • Discuss the nature of trading and marketing policies being followed so far – APMC, MSP etc
  • Discuss the impact that such policies have had on the farming sector – both good and bad. Highlight the findings of the report of ICRIER Committee.
  • Mention the alternatives which are likely to benefit farmers in a more effective and sustainable way such as the focus on agricultural research and extension services etc

Conclusion – Based on the arguments made above, give a fair and balanced opinion on the nature of agricultural trade and marketing policies and discuss the way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


Topic– Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators.

6) “Gandhian ethics of social and political reconstruction are more relevant than ever, since they represent an act of self-transformation of humanity rather than an illusory dream of a political leader”. Discuss. (250 words)

The Hindu

Directive word

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the Gandhian ethics of social and political reconstruction and discuss in detail as to how they are more relevant today than ever.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the role of Gandhi- e.g Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was a man of spiritual truthfulness and democratic action, both at the public and personal levels, with a unique method of struggle that combined political pragmatism with ethical integrity.

Body-

Discuss in detail about the Gandhian ethics of social and political transformation and how they are relevant today. E.g Gandhi wanted to change the values that govern the social, political and economic activities in human society. Significantly, Gandhi believed that decentralised politics and an egalitarian economy function better at the level of micro-communities, where citizens can operate in relations of reciprocity and mutuality. For Gandhi it was clear that neither society nor the individual can live without a moral vision of the world etc.

Discuss the present situation in India and the need for forwarding the local self government in Indian villages, particularly in North Indian, Central, Eastern and NE India; discuss the inequality in access to resources in India and how Gandhian ethics of an egalitarian economic society are relevant today etc.

Conclusion– sum up your discussion in a few lines and form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the above issue.

 



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

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