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[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 22 SEPTEMBER 2018

[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 22 SEPTEMBER 2018

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LIST of TOPICS (Static)


General Studies – 1


Topic – Part of static series under the heading – “Deserts”

1) Compare and contrast Ladakh desert with Thar desert? Also, explain the drainage pattern in Thar desert?(250 words)

NCERT Physical Geography India Pg 17

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to bring out the similarities and differences in Ladakh and that desert. Next , we need to bring out the type of drainage pattern in thar desert.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Mention that Ladakh and that deserts are respectively the cold and hot deserts of India.

Body

  • Explain the similarities and differences between Ladakh and Thar desert –
  • Ladakh is situated at a very high altitude of about 6000 mts high on average thus it is extremely cold while thar desert is a low lying desert
  • Thar desert , also called Great Indian desert is mostly covered with sand dunes with occasional oasis while ladakh desert is mostly permafrost.
  • Both thar desert and ladakh desert experience very scanty rainfall of about 10 cms , owing mostly because of their geographical presence.
  • Thar desert has the highest diurnal range of temperature in India
  • Explain that most of the rivers in Thar are ephemeral and form endorheic basins.

 


General Studies – 2


Topic – Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

2) Ayushman Bharat- Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana will ease burden on poor, be a catalyst for more changes in health sector. Discuss. (250 words)

Indian express

Why this question

Ayushman Bharat-Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana, is an important scheme of government of India. It is important to know the significance and the scope of the scheme.

Directive word

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana and discuss its important provisions and discuss how the scheme will ease burden on poor, be a catalyst for more changes in health sector.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the Ayushman Bharat-Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana. E.g Ayushman Bharat is a far-reaching initiative aimed at ensuring holistic healthcare services etc.

Body-

Discuss in detail about the Ayushman Bharat- Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana. E.g The first component of the Ayushman Bharat scheme aims at expansion of services with elements of promotive and preventive healthcare under comprehensive primary health through health and wellness centres; Its second component, the health assurance mission addressing concerns of catastrophic expenditure by vulnerable families for secondary and tertiary care is known by the name Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PMJAY); It will provide a cover of Rs 5 lakh per family per year for inpatient care to 10.74 crore families at the bottom of the pyramid-around 40 percent of India’s population;The services will be provided by empanelled public and private hospitals; Unlike private insurance schemes, PMJAY does not exclude a person on account of pre-existing illnesses. The size of the family is no bar. There is also no need for formal enrolment; families that are listed with defined deprivation criteria on the Socio Economic and Caste Census database are automatically enrolled etc.

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


Topic – Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation

3) The National Sex offenders list would enable India to tackle the problem of women safety in a much more effective way. Analyze.(250 words)

Hindustantimes

Why this question

India on Thursday joined eight other countries that maintain a registry of sex offenders. The article explains what the list is, how the list is likely to help, the issues that need to be paid attention to. Since crimes against women are such a huge issue in India, the preparation of the national sex offenders list and it’s likely impact needs to be examined in detail.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to answer the following points

  • What is a national sex offenders list
  • Comparison vis a vis other countries
  • The advantages that will accrue out of having a list of this kind
  • The challenges that needs to be kept in mind
  • Way forward

Directive word

Analyze – When asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Mention that India recently joined a list of  eight other countries that maintain a national sex offenders list.

Body

  • Explain what a national sex offenders list and the features of that list
  • Compare India’s list with that of other countries – In the United States, the sex offender registry is available to the public, whereas in India, and countries such as the United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand, South Africa, and Trinidad & Tobago, the registry is available only to law enforcement agencies.
  • Discuss how having such a list would be beneficial for India – The opening of the registry is timely because crimes such as rape, voyeurism, stalking and aggravated sexual assault are on the rise. The latest National Crime Records Bureau data shows there has been a 12% rise in rapes between 2015 and 2016, and that the majority of offenders are known to the victim. In a situation like this, the sex offenders’ list can definitely help the investigation and monitoring process as well as work as a deterrent.
  • Examine the challenges that lie ahead – classification of offenders, challenges with respect to privacy etc

Conclusion – Give your view on how effective the list will be in tackling crimes against women.


General Studies – 3


Topic– Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

4) The Indian government has set an aggressive target of increasing the manufacturing share to 25% of GDP by 2025. What are the strategies that will help India achieve this goal? Discuss.(250 words)

Economictimes

Why this question

India has launched various initiatives – Make in India, improving ease of doing business etc to expand and  improve its manufacturing sector. However, the policies have largely not brought forth the required results. It is therefore essential to discuss a strategy that could work for India.

Directive word

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail as to what strategy should India adopt in order to increasing the manufacturing share to 25% of GDP by 2025.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about India’s manufacturing sector- e.g contribution to GDP, and mention its importance as employment and revenue generator.

Body-

Discuss in points/ paras the strategy needed to reach the goal of increasing the manufacturing share to 25% of GDP by 2025. E.g India is expected to jump six ranks to No. 5 in the 2020 Predicted Manufacturing Competitiveness. Interestingly, India’s manufacturing labour cost in 2015 stood at $1.72/hour compared to $37.96/hour for US; The cost of production can come down heavily with the help of 3D printing and automated real-time processes in manufacturing. India should  give incentives, tax credits and grants for investing in this technology; to move electronics manufacturing from semi knocked down (SKD) to completely knocked down (CKD) kits. This would mean more components getting imported than semi-assembled parts and more jobs; The scale of manufacturing in India needs to be increased, but that cannot happen by catering to the domestic market alone. Companies need to be able to tap global markets, for which India needs a strong policy that provides incentives for export; improving ease of doing business etc.

Conclusion- based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


Topic- Conservation, environmental degradation

5) The NGT off late has been slackening in its responsibility of safeguarding the environment. Critically Examine in light of some of the recent decisions of NGT. (250 words)

Hindustantimes

Why this question

NGT has played a pivotal role in safeguarding against environmental degradation in India. The article highlights the issue of NGT’s less than desirable performance in recent times when it has bend under external pressures. The question expects us to do a critical analysis of the performance of NGT.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to answer the following points in our answer

  • Brief overview of the role of NGT
  • Explain the reasons why NGT’s role is under the scanner in light of some of the recent decisions that it made
  • Bring out the good and bad of NGT’s performance over the years
  • Give your view on role of NGT and what course correction is required

Directive word

Critically examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any . When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, all you need to do is look at the good and bad of something and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain briefly the role of NGT in safeguarding the interest of environment and mention that NGT has been slackening in that role as seen through some of its recent decisions.

Body

  • Discuss the approach of NGT in dealing with the cases off late that has led to criticism- evolved four approaches to deal with litigations. First, dispose of existing cases. Second, form committees, comprising mostly people who were responsible for the problem, and outsource even adjudicatory functions. Third, refuse to entertain matters on the ground that the government has approved the project or other hyper-technical grounds. And finally, rehear cases which were earlier reserved for judgment.
  • Discuss the wider debate of environmental protection vs development and NGT has been siding with the latter off late
  • Discuss the other criticisms of NGT’s functioning.
  • Also, bring out how NGT has played a pivotal role in protecting the environment through speedy disposal, deterrence etc

Conclusion – Give your view on the role of NGT and discuss way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


TopicHuman Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

6) What do you think are the qualities which made Nelson Mandela a great leader. Discuss.(250 words)

Reference

Reference

Directive word

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about those qualities of Nelson Mandela which we think made him a great leader.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about Nelson Mandela and mention some of his famous quote. E.g “What counts in life is not the mere fact that we have lived. It is what difference we have made to the lives of others that will determine the significance of the life we lead”.

Body-

Discuss those qualities of Nelson Mandela that made him a great leader. E.g

  • Embracing Sacrifice – Those who have suffered are often those who truly make an impactful difference in the hearts and minds of men. Nelson Mandela endured danger and time in prison in order to achieve freedom for his country. Beyond that, he has dedicated his life to speaking about the importance of equal.
  • Passion and perseverance- Opposed to the policies of his country’s white minority government, Madiba led a nonviolent action against apartheid in South Africa. It was a choice that landed him in prison for 27 years but also made him South Africa’s first ever black president.
  • Forgiveness- he pursued peace and friendship even with his enemies.

Conclusion- sum up your discussion in a few lines and form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the above issue.

 



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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