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2) Ties between India and Nepal have witnessed a downfall in the recent times  and continue to be a cause for concern. Critically analyze.(250 words) 

Topic-   India and its neighborhood- relations.

2) Ties between India and Nepal have witnessed a downfall in the recent times  and continue to be a cause for concern. Critically analyze.(250 words) 

The hindu

Why this question

India and Nepal share a long history and close association. However the ties have a witnessed a downfall in recent times. It is important to discuss the reasons behind it and the need to ameliorate the situation.

Directive word

Critically analyze-here we  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts, and present them as a whole in a summary.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to delve deep into the issue and bring out the reasons behind the downfall in the Indo-Nepal ties, as witnessed in the recent times. We also have to form a personal opinion on the issue as to how should we proceed in this regard.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the Indo-Nepal relationship- shared culture and long historic ties, open border etc.

Body-

  • Bring out the reasons behind the downfall in the relationship. E.g briefly discuss the Madhesi agitation, the resultant economic blockade and India’s open criticism of the Nepal at that time; mention India’s discomfiture with the volume of Chinese investment in hydropower and infrastructure and transport projects in Nepal; India is also seen as being interfering in Nepal’s internal politics and policy making;  etc.
  • Discuss how should we proceed further. E.g briefly discuss the need to revitalize communication with Nepal; respecting each others’ sovereignty and non-interference in domestic affairs; restricting diplomatically sensitive statements; Nepal’s decision to join China for a 12-day Mt Everest Friendship Exercise in Sichuan province etc.

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.