Topic- Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
2) India is still a long way away from the goal of predominantly having electric vehicles on Indian roads by 2030. Analyze whether a national policy on electric vehicles would enable us to accelerate towards this aim?(250 words)
Why this question
The article discusses the impact that the absence of a policy regarding electric vehicles has had, the immense potential that Indian market offers to the companies working in the field of electric vehicles and the need for India to promote electric vehicles. The government has recently indicated its aim of having 30% electric vehicles on road and the issue is important from GS2 and GS3 perspective.
Key demand of the question
The key focus of the question is on establishing the necessity of a policy regarding promoting electric vehicles in terms of achieving the stated aim, the requirement of promoting electric vehicles, as well as the impact having a policy would have on promotion of electric vehicles.
Analyze – When asked to analyze, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Discuss the stated aim of achieving 40% electric vehicles on roads by 2030, the efforts made by the government in introducing FAME.
- Bring out the status of electric vehicles in India – In 2017 alone, 24.5 million conventionally powered automobiles were sold in India and these are likely to grow to 84. 53 million by 2030, according to the Niti Aayog. By comparison, only about 2000 battery electric cars were sold last year, an International Energy Agency (IEA) report said. More than 12 million cars will be added to Indian roads between 2017 and 2030, per Niti Aayog data.
- Discuss the need of promoting electric vehicles in the country from an environmental perspective. Highlight the problem of carbon emissions, international obligations, huge market of two wheelers and four wheelers in India etc to establish that electric vehicles indeed need to be promoted
- Examine the issues in the current regulatory architecture that hinders achievement of the stated aim – lack of charging infrastructure, India’s Electricity Act does not allow entities other than licensed discoms to sell power etc
- Discuss how a national policy would enable faster achievement of targets relating to electric vehicles – the international precedents where a policy helped, how a policy would get rid of the current inadequacies, the issues with the current emission standards etc
Conclusion – Give your view on the need for a policy and highlight the way forward.