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2) The Utilitarian interpretation of Indian Civilization by the British has resulted in distortion of Indian history, the effects of which can be still felt today. Comment.(250 words) 

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Topic-Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues

2) The Utilitarian interpretation of Indian Civilization by the British has resulted in distortion of Indian history, the effects of which can be still felt today. Comment.(250 words) 

Early India, by Romila Thapar, Chapter-Perceptions of the past.

Directive word

Comment- here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to discuss whether the Utilitarian interpretation of Indian Civilization by the British has resulted in distortion of Indian history, and if yes, then how its impact can still be felt today. We have to justify our opinion why presenting proper and valid facts, arguments and examples.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the utilitarian interpretation of the Indian civilization. e.g it drew from the utilitarian, legalistic philosophy current in Britain at that time and was largely critical of the Indian culture.

Body-

Discuss the utilitarian interpretation of Indian Civilization by the British in detail. e.g it was largely the contribution of this writing on India but based in Britain. This interpretation is best represented in the Waves of James Mill and Thomas Macaulay. James mill divided the Indian passed into Hindu civilization, Muslim civilization, and the British era. This division has got deeply embedded in the consciousness of those who study Indian history and it prevails to this day. It is at the root of the ideologies of current religious nationalism and plays a huge role in the politics of India.

Indian civilization was said to be lacking in the values of rational thought and individualism. A critical attitude towards Indian education and learning was adopted. This resulted in undermining the traditional knowledge, culture and learning methods. Western ideas and models of education were enforced on the Indian population without any regard for the unequal capacities and access to such education system etc.

Conclusion- Based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.