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2) As the trends of smaller families and reductions in the cost of mobility continue, the present generation of Indians faces a unique challenge on how it approaches its filial obligations. Critically analyze.(250 words)

Topic– Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India. Effects of globalization on Indian society

2) As the trends of smaller families and reductions in the cost of mobility continue, the present generation of Indians faces a unique challenge on how it approaches its filial obligations. Critically analyze.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Directive word

Critically analyze-  Here we have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts, and present them as a whole in a summary.Based on our discussion we have to form a concluding opinion on the issue.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to delve deep into how the trends of smaller families and reductions in the cost of mobility affect the relationship between the elderly and the young people. It also wants us to highlight the unique challenge faced by the present generation of Indians in how they approach towards their obligations towards the elderly.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- write a few lines about the characteristics of traditional Indian family system- joint family, primary role of elders, mutual coexistence and help etc. and mention the growing trends of smaller families and reduced costs of mobility etc.

Body

  • Discuss the trends of  smaller families and reduced costs of mobility e.g Since 1991, the number of households has grown faster than the population. Nuclear families now constitute 70 per cent of all households;  better economic opportunities mean that children are leaving home earlier than they used to, migrating not to the neighbouring town, but across states and countries;Urban living is predominantly nuclear, and only 8.3 percent of the urban elderly live in joint families etc.
  • Discuss the unique challenge faced by the present generation. E.g traditional values have withered faster than in any other generation due to growth-induced geographic mobility and a sense of individualism. On the other hand the elderly population is growing considerable and by 20150 One in every five people will be above the age of 60. Thus the present generations will either prefer modified extended families to replace joint families, or seek social support the elderly etc.

Conclusion– Based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.