Print Friendly, PDF & Email

[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 07 SEPTEMBER 2018

[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 07 SEPTEMBER 2018

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

LIST of TOPICS (Static)

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic– Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate

1) Each branch of armed forces extolling its own importance is not helping our ability to prepare for the future. Analyze in the context of need of a unified military command in India.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question

Modern warfare has changed a lot and old military strategies are no longer relevant. In this context, it is essential to analyze the desirability of a unified military command in India. The article provides arguments in favour of such an integrated command.

Directive word

Analyze- Here we  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts, and present them as a whole in a summary.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to delve deep into the Indian defence system and discuss why each service is extolling its own importance and then discuss why it is necessary to have an integrated command in India. We have to discuss the reasons in favour of the integrated command.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few lines about India’s defence system- no of personnel, divisions into army, navy and airforce etc.

Body-

  • Discuss the pitfalls of giving primary importance to any one branch of defense. E.g discuss the different geographic realms into which India might need to operate- himalayas, Indian ocean, western border and eastern border; mention the unpredictable nature, arena and tactics of the war which negate the idea of placing primary reliance on any one branch of armed forces etc.
  • Discuss the benefits of having an integrated command. E.g better management of material and human resources; a unified command will integrate interoperability and pave way for better  strategy making; quicker decision making etc.

Conclusion–  Based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.

 


Topic– Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

2) Privacy is the constitutional core of human dignity. Discuss in the light of the SC judgement on the right to privacy.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question

Right to privacy is a landmark judgement of the SC of India. It is essential to understand the essence of the judgement and the constitutional position of the right itself.

Directive word

Discuss- This is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. We also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the SC judgement on the right to privacy as a fundamental right and how the court has interpreted the right as being the constitutional core of human dignity.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the right to privacy. E.g A nine-judge bench of the Supreme Court has ruled that Indians enjoy a fundamental right to privacy, that it is intrinsic to life and liberty and thus comes under Article 21 of the Indian constitution.

Body-

  • explain the right further. E.g The dignity of the individual, equality between human beings and the quest for liberty are the foundational pillars of the Indian Constitution;  Life and personal liberty are not creations of the Constitution. These rights are recognised by the Constitution as inhering in each individual as an intrinsic and inseparable part of the human element which dwells within; Privacy is a constitutionally protected right which emerges primarily from the guarantee of life and personal liberty in Article 21 of the Constitution. Elements of privacy also arise in varying contexts from the other facets of freedom and dignity recognised and guaranteed by the fundamental rights contained in Part III etc.
  • Discuss its association with dignity of an individual. E.g Privacy is the constitutional core of human dignity and has both a normative and descriptive function. At a normative level privacy sub-serves those eternal values upon which the guarantees of life, liberty and freedom are founded. At a descriptive level, privacy postulates a bundle of entitlements and interests which lie at the foundation of ordered liberty;Privacy includes at its core the preservation of personal intimacies, the sanctity of family life, marriage, procreation, the home and sexual orientation etc.

Conclusion–  Based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


Topic– Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

3) RCEP negotiations hold significant importance for India, as opting out of RCEP may push india on the margins of Asia. Critically analyze.(250 words)

Hindustantimes

Why this question

The article discusses the importance of RCEP for India both from an economic as well as strategic point of view. The decision to join RCEP and the terms of those agreement hold immense significance for India and its economy in the near future. RCEP thus needs to be prepared in great detail.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to critically analyze the hypothesis that not joining RCEP will push India to the margins of Asia. We need to interpret “margins” from an economic, geopolitical and geoeconomic perspective. In critical analysis we need to provide arguments as to why India should or should not join RCEP. Finally, we need to provide a fair and balanced opinion and discuss way forward.

Directive word

Critically analyze – When asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, all you need to do is look at the good and bad of something and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain the background of the question. Briefly explain what RCEP is and the stage at which the negotiations are.

Body

  • Briefly explain what the question means when it says opting out of RCEP would push India on the margins of Asia. Here you might interpret that it might push India to economic and geopolitical margins of Asia
  • Discuss the economic impact. Highlight the pros and cons of RCEP for India. In the pros side, you could mention the access to markets of developing countries , easier standards for IT and pharma exports etc. In the negative side you can talk about the lack of competitiveness of Indian economy which puts it at a risk, the threat of even higher trade deficit with china etc
  • Also discuss the geoeconomic perspective. What it means for India to stay out of all the major mega regional FTAs
  • Discuss the geopolitical perspective such as the impact it would have on India’s Act East policy, strategy for indo pacific etc

Conclusion – Give a fair and balanced view, based on the arguments made above on what should India’s strategy with respect to RCEP be and the way forward.


Topic– Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation

4) Recently the National Green Tribunal pulled up the government for “tardy progress” on the Clean Ganga Mission. Evaluate whether there is a need for a law heavy on punitive measures to clean the Ganga.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question

The article discusses the status of Namami Gange project and the target of the government to see a 70-80% improvement in water of Ganges. The article highlights the issues with a draft proposal by the government of introducing stricter punitive measures to tackle pollution of the river. It also highlights the issues with the implementation of Namami Gange. Since cleaning the Ganges is a top priority of the government and several questions in the past few years have been asked from this topic, it is important for mains.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to first explain the status of Namami Gange project, how far the government has been successful in cleaning up the river. Next, we need to highlight the issues with Namami Gange project and the overall approach of the government in dealing with the issue of river cleaning. In this light, we need to evaluate whether a law which penalizes more strictly for dirtying the river would help in more efficient implementation of cleaning project. We need to conclude with a fair and balanced opinion and mention way forward.

Directive word

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidences.  You have to appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming a personal opinion here.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain the Namami Gange initiative of the government – Namami Gange’ program was announced under the National Mission for Clean Ganga initiative with an allocated budget of Rs 20,000 crores for 5 years and that the project covers eight states and seeks to fully connect all 1,632 Gram Panchayats along the Ganga to a sanitation system by 2022.

Body

  • We need to explain how far the government has been successful in implementing the project – According to a new report from the CAG, this new push to clean the Ganga is not delivering results. The Government had only used $260 million of the $1.05 billion earmarked for the flagship programme between April 2015 and March 2017. All of these projects had a consistent list of problems: unused funds, an absence of a long-term plan, and delays in taking concrete action.
  • Thereafter we need to highlight the issues with the project – diversion of water for irrigation and other purposes which reduces the flow of water, poor effluent management system, faulty implementation of rules and regulations etc
  • Next, we need to discuss whether a low more focussed on taking punitive action would help in alleviating the issues being faced. We need to compare it with the current strategy, if properly implemented

Conclusion – We need to provide our opinion on the need for such a law and discuss what the way forward should be.


General Studies – 3


TopicPublic Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security;

5) Examine the need to give up Cover and Plinth (CAP) structures for storing food grains in India.(250 words)

The hindu

Reference

Why this question

Food wastage is a significant problem for India, which follows a distributed public procurement policy. Food is stored in CAP structures which is an unscientific way to store food grains and there is an urgent need to replace these structures with a scientific storage system.

Directive word

Examine- Here we have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to bring out the reasons as to why there is a need to give up CAP structures for storing food grains in India.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- write a few lines about public procurement of foodgrains and their storage. E.g India produces about 150 million tonnes of food grains per year. Production has been steadily increasing due to advancement in production technology, but losses have remained static at 10%. This means that the loss of food grains is also increasing with the increase in food production. The main reason for this is improper storage, and an average of 6% out of a total 10% loss takes place during storage of food grains.

Body-

  • Discuss in points the problems of CAP structures used for storage of food grains. E.g it causes higher level of food losses and loss of nutritious content; it leads to dampening of foodgrains and leads to development of mycotoxins. Mention the ill effects of mycotoxins on humans; also mention the monsoon season in India which demand damp-proof structures for storage etc.
  • Discuss the need to build more silos in a scientific way; need to build scientific warehouses and also upgrade the cold-chain infrastructure; explore PPP models to build infrastructure.

Conclusion- sum up your discussion in a few lines and, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the above issue.

 


TopicPart of static series under the heading – “Oceans – Temperature”

6) How does the pattern of ocean surface temperature vary across the world? Explain the factors that affect this variation?(250 words)

GC Leong – Ch 12 Oceans

 

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to explain the nature of variation of surface temperature of oceans across different regions of the world. Next, we need to explain the factors which affects these changes.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Mention that like land masses ocean water varies in temperature from place to place both at surface level and at great depths.

Body

  • Explain the nature of variation of surface temperature of oceans across various regions. Mention that the annual range is somewhat smaller. Mention the variation with respect to latitudes. Examine whether the variation in temperature is uniform or whether it changes due to presence of certain factors. Discuss the variation in temperature in enclosed spaces.
  • Discuss the factors affecting this variation. Discuss the variation in surface temperature with respect to depth, latitude, effect of ocean currents, enclosed spaces.

 


General Studies – 4


Topic-   Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.

7) Data science poses several ethical challenges to us. Discuss. Also,  discuss how data ethics can help us to deal with those challenges.(250 words)

Reference

Directive word

Discuss- This is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. We also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail as to how the newly emerging field of data science poses some ethical challenges to us and then we have to discuss in detail about how data ethics can help us deal with those challenges.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the increasing role and importance of data science. E.g Data science provides huge opportunities to improve private and public life, as well as our environment. But they also pose several ethical challenges to us etc.

Body-

  • Discuss in detail about how the newly emerging field of data science poses some ethical challenges. E.g The extensive use of increasingly more data—often personal, if not sensitive (big data)—and the growing reliance on algorithms to analyse them in order to shape choices and to make decisions (including machine learning, artificial intelligence and robotics), as well as the gradual reduction of human involvement or even oversight over many automatic processes, pose pressing issues of fairness, responsibility and respect of human rights, among others etc.
  • Discuss the concept of data ethics and how it can help us overcome those challenges. E.g data ethics is a new branch of ethics that studies and evaluates moral problems related to data (including generation, recording, curation, processing, dissemination, sharing and use), algorithms (including artificial intelligence, artificial agents, machine learning and robots) and corresponding practices (including responsible innovation, programming, hacking and professional codes), in order to formulate and support morally good solutions (e.g. right conducts or right values). Data ethics builds on the foundation provided by computer and information ethics but, at the same time, it refines the approach endorsed so far in this research field, by shifting the level of abstraction of ethical enquiries, from being information-centric to being data-centric etc.

Conclusion–  sum up your discussion in a few lines and form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the above issue.


NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

Subscribe to Blog via Email

Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.