Are you Ready for Insta 75 Days Revision Plan (UPSC Prelims - 2020)?
Topic– India and its neighborhood- relations.
4) Given the perplexing situation in Afghanistan, India must carve out its own role in the region. Critically analyze.(250 words)
Why this question
Afghanistan is an important neighbouring country for India and its peace and stability are vital for India. Afghanistan is going to hold elections soon and India has made significant investments trying to bring development and democracy n the war-torn country. However the region, including Iran and Afghanistan and the involvement of foreign powers like US, Russia and China coupled with resurgence of the Taliban make the siting perplexed. It is therefore necessary to discuss the need for India to carve out its own role in Afghanistan.
Critically analyze- Here we have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts, and present them as a whole in a summary.Based on our discussion we have to form a concluding opinion on the issue.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to delve deep into the issue, discuss why the situation in Afghanistan is perplexing. Then it wants us to discuss why there is a need for India to carve out its own role in the region. Accordingly we have to form an opinion as to what should be the direction of such a pursuit.
Structure of the answer
Introduction– Write a few lines about India-Afghanistan relationship. E.g both are neighbors, members of SAARC, enjoy historical and vibrant ties at present with significant Afghan diaspora in India etc.
- Discuss why the region is a perplexing situation. E.g mention resurgence of Taliban and plans for US withdrawal; Pakistan’s involvement in the region; need for development and rebuilding the nation; US, which is a key player has an unclear policy on Afghanistan; it is also against Iran which is important to give access to the sea to landlocked Afghanistan through Chabahar port- which is in India’s interests etc.
- Discuss the need for India to carve out its own role in the region. E.g mention the perplexing situation and conflicting aspirations of the powers involved in the region; mention India’s investment for development in Afghanistan- Salma Dam, Parliament building etc; mention the importance of Chabahar port and need to get access to central Asia through the port and then through Afghanistan etc.
- Discuss the direction of our approach. E.g increase the corpus of aid; provide military support; act as mediator between the government of Afghanistan and other stakeholders etc.
Conclusion– based on your discussion form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the issue.