Topic– Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
1) Examine the reasons behind low participation of Indian women the STEM fields. Also discuss the steps taken by the government recently to tackle the problem.(250 words)
Why this question
Women form half of our population but their participation in STEM fields is abysmally low. The government has taken several steps to correct the problem. It is therefore necessary to know the reasons behind the problem and efforts on part of the government to tackle the issue.
Examine- Here we have to probe deeper into the topic, get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to examine and bring out the reasons behind low participation of women in STEM fields. It also wants us to write in detail about the steps taken by the government to tackle the problem.
Structure of the answer
Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the participation of women in workforce in general and STEM fields in particular. Highlight the situation with the help of a few related statistics.
- Bring out the reasons behind low participation of women in STEM fields. E.g While more women are enrolling in university, relatively few pursue careers in research; patriarchal society and stereotyping; family responsibilities; glass ceiling; high investment and less job security as compared to men etc.
- Discuss the steps taken by the government to tackle the issue. E.g Discuss INSPIRE to MANAK scheme; KIRAN; Bio-care scheme. Discuss briefly their aim, strategy and working etc.
- Discuss what more needs to be done- e.g role-model programmes; outreach programmes; financial incentives; gender sensitive employment and education policies etc.
Conclusion– Based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.