Topic – Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism
5) Militancy in Kashmir has turned into a new phase, and needs to be dealt sensibly. Analyze.(250 words)
Why this question
Militancy in Kashmir has witnessed a sharp increase in recent years. Besides, the profile of militants has changed and the militants have changed their tactics. It is therefore important to analyze the situation and discuss a possible solution.
Analyze-Here we have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts, and present them as a whole in a summary.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to delve deep into the issue and discuss how militancy has changed and what form it has taken in recent years, identify the factors behind and discuss the need for a sensible approach to deal with the problem.
Structure of the answer
Introduction- write a few introductory lines about the militancy in Kashmir- e.g when did it start and mention its decline by 2006-80. Mention the increase in no. of militants to 300, which has happened after a decade.
- Discuss how militancy has changed over time in Kashmir. E.g increase in number and proportion of local militants; south kashmir dominated by local militants while the north and north-western part is dominated by foreign militants; use of social media and sophisticated communication technology has increased; use and targeting of civilians as pressure tactics; fall in moral grounds of militants etc.
- Discuss the need for a sensible approach to deal with the issue. E.g mention the growing local support for militants; rise in militancy; lack of a stable, pro-active, democratic governance etc. Mention issues like opposition to Article 370, 35A etc
- Discuss what kind of approach is needed. E.g a sensible approach which assumes high moral grounds; helps build public confidence; lays down path for a stable, proactive, democratic governance etc.
Conclusion– Based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.