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2) The growing countrywide demand for the inclusion of new castes in the reservation quotas has entered an interesting phase. Analyze.(250 words)

Topic–  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

2) The growing countrywide demand for the inclusion of new castes in the reservation quotas has entered an interesting phase. Analyze.(250 words)

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Why this question

Reservation policy of the government of India has entered an interesting phase. The discourse around reservation policy has witnessed a remarkable shift which needs to be probed in detail.

Directive word

Analyze- Here we  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts, and present them as a whole in a summary.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to delve deep into the issue of reservation policy in India and bring out the change in the discourse around it, as has happened in the recent years. We have to look at the issue through a wide lens and appreciate the changes therein.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few lines about the reservation policy in India- e.g mention the historical wrongs inflicted on the communities which were given reservation. Mention the constant and fierce criticism of reservation policy by groups not covered under reservation etc.

Body-

Discuss how the discourse on reservation policy has changed recently in India. E.g mention that a few decades ago, the critics of reservation  sought to stigmatise the reservation principle by deploying a morally ­offensive language to describe its beneficiaries, more particularly the Scheduled Castes (SCs), as the “sons-in-law” of the government and “enemies of merit” and “stumbling block for efficient functioning.” Thus, the target of such malicious critiques was specifically a concrete social group. The opponents used public good such as institutional well-being as the pretext to express their hate and anger against a particular group rather than ­reservation itself; Today, in the wake of the growing demand for reservation across several castes, those  opponents in their public expression seem to be underplaying at least some words like “merit” and “efficiency.” However, at the subterranean level or even on social media, the language against reservation continues to remain quite vicious; today opposition to quota is less on grounds of merit and efficiency, and more on those of integration of society and development of the nation; The new turn in the discourse on reservation has helped us separate the principle of reservation from the stigma that was attached to the SCs. This could be seen as a gain since it is satisfying to see that the ­democratisation of the demand for reservation would neutralise the harsh and malicious ire against the system of reservation. And some may think it a welcome development in terms of ­easing out the social tension that seems to be active among ­several caste groups in India etc.

Conclusion-Conclusion- Based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.