Topic– Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
1) In order to safeguard the rights of the transgender community in India, there is an urgent need for affirmative action. Examine in the light of the shortcomings of the transgender bill.(250 words)
Why this question
Transgender community in India is one of the most discriminated community. Facing economic deprivation and social ostracisation, they have very limited opportunities for development. In this context, it is essential to examine the need for affirmative action in their case.
Examine- Here we have to probe deeper into the topic, get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to dig deep into the issue and bring out the shortcomings of the Transgender bill and discuss the reasons as to why there is a need to provide affirmative action to the transgender community in India.
Structure of the answer
Introduction– write a few lines highlighting the plight of transgender persons in India. E.g Recently, the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) conducted the first-ever nationwide survey of the transgender community in India and found that 92% of the people belonging to the community are subjected to economic exclusion.
- Discuss the shortcomings of the Transgender bill. E.g the bill has neglected to incorporate two crucial recommendations made by a standing committee to review its provisions in 2017. The first recommendation made a case for reservation for transgender persons in educational institutions and for jobs; denial of legal recognition of the rights of transgender persons to marriage and partnerships, which is difficult in a country that largely recognises only two genders. Indians have stubbornly stuck to the gender binary as a basis for defining their sociocultural reality etc.
- Discuss the discrimination and deprivation faced by the transgender community in India. E.g they have to either resort to—or are forced into—begging or sex work since they remain socially circumscribed from other forms of employment; denial of sexual citizenship; face social rejection; cannot inhabit public spaces and command the same respect that a heterosexual cis-man would receive from his fellow citizens because their bodies themselves are stigmatised presences. The transgender community occupies a very specific intersection among marginalised communities that makes them uniquely vulnerable to sexual violence and medical neglect. Largely, they are estranged from their families, which removes them from one of the most primary forms of social legitimacy. As per the NHRC survey, only 2% of transgender persons in India live with their families; face sexual violence and are more predisposed to sexual diseases etc.
Conclusion– Conclusion- Based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.