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[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 29 AUGUST 2018

[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 29 AUGUST 2018

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LIST of TOPICS (Static)

 


General Studies – 2


Topic–  Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

1) Sabarimala temple entry case is a test case not only for freedom of religion and women’s rights but also for constitutional interpretation. Comment.(250 words)

The hindu

timesofindia

Why this question

The Supreme Court is presently hearing a petition challenging the restrictions placed on entry of women in the Sabarimala temple. The issue has been discussed already but the given article provides new insights into the issue. Therefore it is important to know and discuss upon those insights.

Directive word

Comment- here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to express our opinion on the issue as to how Sabarimala temple entry case is a test case not only for freedom of religion and women’s rights but also for constitutional interpretation. How it is related to the interpretation of the constitution.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few lines about the key facts of the Sabarimala temple entry case- e.g women of certain age are prohibited from visiting the temple of Lord Ayyappa, a celibate deity etc.

Body-

  • Discuss how the issue affects the freedom of religion- discuss article 25, article 26 and its relation to the case; also mention the arguments of the deity being a jurist person.
  • Discuss how the issue affects women’s rights- discuss article 14, article 15 and article 21 and how they are related to the case.
  • Discuss how the case is related to the interpretation of the constitution. Discuss the original intent approach vs the living tree approach that can be adopted to deliberate  (scope of article 21) and decide upon the case.

Conclusion–  Based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


Topic– Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability

2) Examine whether Right to privacy and right to information are inherently at conflict with each other. Discuss the regulatory architecture through which the two objectives can be reconciled?(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question

The article discusses that both RTI and privacy are important civil rights that need to be preserved, however both have contradictory aims which makes it interesting how the two might be reconciled. Herein, we need to examine the pros and cons of the various regulatory architecture and decide which is the most apt for reconciling the two.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to first explain how the two are individually important and why they are at odds with each other. Give your opinion on the pertinent questions in this case which are – what would be the mandate of the future data protection authority (DPA) it envisages; and how would the mandate be reconciled with that of the information commissioner.

Directive word

Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any .

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Mention the view of information commissioner Sridhar Acharyulu ,who, in an attempt to save the right to information (RTI) from dilution, cautioned against amending the RTI Act while implementing the data protection framework suggested by the Srikrishna Committee report.

Body

  • Explain why the objectives of the two are at loggerheads and the view of Srikrishna committee regarding the same
  • Discuss the present regulatory architecture and highlight how in future the regulatory architecture needs to be modified to ensure that the objectives of both right to information and privacy is maintained. Discuss the pros and cons of two body and single body model and discuss the model which would be suitable for India.

Conclusion – Give a fair and balanced view and the way forward for India to reconcile the two.


Topic– India and its neighbourhood relations

3) When it comes to regional cooperation, India’s focus has shifted from SAARC to BIMSTEC. Discuss.(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question

In light of the recent summit of BIMSTEC to be conducted in Kathmandu, the grouping has gained significance off late. Ever since, the hopes of a regional partnership via SAARC failed, India has been focussing on BIMSTEC. The article discusses these issues, and identifies the strength, opportunities, weaknesses etc in pursuing a partnership with BIMSTEC. Hence this question.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to explain that why India has started focussing more on BIMSTEC. Here India’s issues with Saarc and what led India to pursue closer ties with BIMSTEC needs to be brought out. Thereafter, we need to identify the SWOT vis a vis BIMSTEC and discuss the way forward for deepening cooperation with BIMSTEC.

Directive word

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Mention about the recent BIMSTEC summit in Kathmandu and explain a little about BIMSTEC – members, dynamics etc

Body

  • Discuss why SAARC is no longer a focus area and why BIMSTEC is being focussed upon.
  • Discuss the importance of BIMSTEC for India and highlight how it fits into one of the overarching policies of India foreign policy ie Act East policy. Highlight the other focus areas of BIMSTEC including a free trade agreement, poverty alleviation, tourism, energy and climate change, and even counterterrorism and disaster management.
  • Discuss the status of regional cooperation and highlight the threats that need to be overcome to deepen regional partnership with BIMSTEC.

Conclusion – Discuss the relevance of BIMSTEC vis a vis SAARC and highlight how India should go about deepening regional integration with BIMSTEC so that the mistakes of SAARC are avoided.

 


General Studies – 3


TopicDisaster and disaster management.

4) It is time to formulate water management policies for reservoirs in such a manner that dams are used to control floods, not cause them. Critically Comment.(250 words)

The hindu

indianexpress

 

Why this question

Kerala recently witnessed devastating floods of unprecedented magnitude. Different reasons have been forwarded for the reason behind the floods and sudden release of water from dams is the most cited reason in this regard. However, dams serve some important purposes and can be better managed. It is therefore necessary to discuss the issue of management of dams in detail.

Directive word

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to dig deep into the issue and bring out the role of dam management in controlling as well as causing floods. We have to discuss both the aspects of the dams- as causative agents of floods as well as the preventive agent. Based on our discussion we have to form a personal opinion on the issue.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few lines about the number of dams in India, contribution of hydropower generation in overall electricity generation.

Body-

  • Discuss how dams are responsible for floods. E.g they harm the natural ecosystem and course of rivers; siltation with time decreases reservoir capacity and increases propensity of floods in the future, increased risks of earthquakes, landslides which can trigger floods etc.
  • Discuss how dams can be better managed so that they can be used to control floods rather than cause them. E.g Authorities always look to store the maximum amount of water in reservoirs during the monsoon season, which is then used for irrigation and generation of electricity during the summer months. It is an internationally accepted practice that the water level of a reservoir should be kept below a certain level before the onset of the monsoon season. This is so that when the monsoon rains come, there is space to store the excess rainwater and also so that water can be released in a regulated manner, thus preventing floods downstream when there is heavy inflow to the dams; regular desiltation of dams should be done; At present, the task of dam and water management is vested with the Public Works Department, the Electricity Board, and the Irrigation Department. Even in normal conditions, given contradictory opinions from various departments, it is difficult to implement decisions. Hence, the State Dam Security Authority, if competent, should be entrusted with the task of water management in reservoirs and with taking decisions in emergency situations etc.

Conclusion– Based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue. E.g mention regular audit of dams; increasing the share of solar, wind energy etc.

 


Topic Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices.

5) Critically analyze the  options available for price stabilisation of agriculture commodities in the face of  increased output.(250 words)

indianexpress

Why this question

India has been witnessing farming distress which is partly due to increased production and a weaker demand, which in turn brings down the prices of agricultural commodities. It is therefore essential to evaluate the options available to the government under these circumstances and which can be practically applied on the ground.

Directive word

Critically analyze-  Here we have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts, and present them as a whole in a summary.Based on our discussion we have to form a concluding opinion on the issue.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to dig deep into the issue and evaluate all the practical options available to the government in such  circumstances. Based on our discussion we have to form an overall opinion on the issue.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– Write a few lines about the farming distress due to increased supply. E.g The “farm distress” in recent years has been partly on account of output increases well beyond the market demand at a price remunerative to producers. in the absence of effective price support policy, farmers are faced with a loss of income, depending on the price decline.

Body– discuss individually the options available to the government under these particular circumstances and discuss their benefits as well as cons/ limitations.

  • MSP and Open Procurement. e.g faces the problem of procurement as not all the produce can be procured at such prices and in all places; it does not solve the supply side problem; distribution problem etc.
  • Price deficiency compensation. E.g the market prices may continue to fall as the supply exceeds the “normal demand” and nearly all the produce may become eligible for the “deficiency payments” as the prices, in general, would have fallen for all the producers.
  • Limited procurement. E.g the government will procure the “excess”, leaving the normal production level to clear the market at a remunerative price. Thus, procurement will continue until the market price rises to touch the MSP;  The timing and speed with which the procurement is implemented are critical. It is important to determine the excess supply, which will indicate how much is to be procured. Therefore, an assessment of the likely production is essential for an effective market intervention. Equally important is the quick assessment of price trends, particularly in the period immediately after the harvest begins, to arrive in the key markets; Storage facilities for managing the procured grain are essential for the success of the system; however, it will not work if the MSP is fixed at a level to which the market price will never rise.

conclusion-Based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


Topic – Part of static series under the heading “Fronts”

6) Explain the role of the polar front and the air masses that come in conflict in the polar front zone in the temperature and precipitation cycles of the mid latitude and high latitude climates?(250 words)

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to explain in brief what polar fronts are and the role they play in influencing the temperature of precipitation cycle of the upper and mid latitude regions.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain Polar front is an area where cold polar winds meet hot tropical air masses. Temperature of these two air masses is very different and leads to formation of stationary front. Explain that it is basically an occluded front.

Body – Discuss the impact of such fronts on temperature and rainfall in the region. Pictorial explanations will fetch you more marks. The approach of the cyclone is marked by fall in temperature and light drizzle. When warm front approaches temperature rises and rainfall stops.Arrival of Cold front again leads to fall in temperature and heavy rainfall with thunder. Explain the mechanism of such changes in detail.


General Studies – 4


Topic- Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

7) Age has an important influence in shaping the  the value system of a person. Discuss. (250 words)

Reference

Directive word

Discuss- This is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. We also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail as to how age of a person shapes his/her value system.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a simple definition of value system. E.g A hierarchy of values that all moral agents possess, demonstrated by their choices etc.

Body- Discuss how age shapes the value system of a person. E.g

  • Discuss how historical events that impact on specific age cohorts (e.g., war, depression- materialist values are stronger) shape the value system of a particular age group.
  • Discuss how older persons have different values than the younger persons. E.g With age, security values may be more important because a safe, predictable environment is more critical as capacities to cope with change wane. Stimulation values may be less important because novelty and risk are more threatening. Conformity and tradition values may also be more important with age because accepted ways of doing things are less demanding and threatening.
  • Discuss the effect of life stage of a person. E.g Opportunities, demands, and constraints associated with life stages may cause age differences in values. The young people have  circumstances which encourage pursuit of achievement and stimulation values at the expense of security, conformity, and tradition values etc.

Take help of the article attached to the question to clarify your concept and to frame your answer.


NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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