Topic-History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.
1) After getting independence from the colonial powers African countries suffered from several shared problems. Discuss.(250 words)
Mastering Modern World History by Norman Lowe; Chapter- Problems in Africa
Why this question
African independence is an important historical narrative and it is also directly related to the syllabus. Therefore it is essential to understand the commonality of problems faced by the individual nations.
Discuss- This is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. We also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to write in detail about the problems faced by the African countries on getting independence which were shared by most of them. We have to be as descriptive and exhaustive (within word limit) as possible.
Structure of the answer
Introduction- Write a few lines about African independence from colonialism. E.g African nationalism spread rapidly after 1945 as more and more Africans became educated and aware about the racial discrimination etc. Mention the various powers that ruled the continent and also different levels of entrenchment of the white people etc.
Discuss in points the problems that were commonly faced by the newly independent African nations. E.g
- Tribal differences.
- Lack of economic development.
- Political problems like lack of familiarity and experience with running democratic institutions.
- Economic disaster in the wake of global recession of 1980s which further resulted in natural disaster due to death of livestock, famines, crop failures, starvation, death etc.
Discuss each heading in detail and give examples of some countries to frame and polish your answer.
Conclusion– Based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.