Topic– Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
5) In the face of a downgrade in the Maoist movement, it is vital for India to adopt a conciliatory approach and carry out sincere measures to redress grievances. Critically examine. (250 words)
Why this question
Maoist movement has been at its ebb in the recent years and is downgrade can be conspicuously felt. Under these circumstances it is imperative to discuss as to what should be the response of the govt and what policy it should follow.
Critically Examine- Here we have to probe deeper into the topic, get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any. Based on our discussion we have to form a personal opinion on the issue.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to delve deep into the present status of maoism in India and then deliberate upon the need to adopt a conciliatory approach in dealing with maoism. We have to discuss both the sides of adopting such an approach and then form a personal opinion on the issue.
Structure of the answer
Introduction– write a few lines about the history and phases of maoist movement in India. Mention the present situation when the movement has been virtually uprooted from large swathes of affected areas.
- Discuss why there is a need for a conciliatory approach. E.g mention the relationship between development and extremism. Discuss how fruits of development have not reached the naxal affected areas; discuss the propensity for reinvigoration of the movement in the face of an aggressive approach by the government; discuss the need to enhance the pace of development in such areas, providing gram sabhas with effective powers etc.
- Discuss the risks involved and precautions to be adopted while maintaining a conciliatory approach. E.g there is risk that a conciliatory approach may provide time for rebuilding the movement etc; need to improve people’s confidence and involve them in the development agenda etc.
Conclusion- Based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue. Your conclusion should be substantive and presented in the form of a way forward- e.g initiate a peace process on the lines of the Colombia deal etc.