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3) Discuss the solutions proposed by the recent NITI aayog report- “Transformative Mobility Solutions For All”, to make India’s passenger mobility shared, electric, and connected. (250 words) 

Topic–  Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and
issues arising out of their design and implementation.

3) Discuss the solutions proposed by the recent NITI aayog report- “Transformative Mobility Solutions For All”, to make India’s passenger mobility shared, electric, and connected. (250 words) 

Reference

Reference

Why this question

In an urbanizing world, mobility is integral to city design, facilitating the evolution of physical space for liveability. Ranging from pedestrian and personal transport to public transit and freight movement, mobility is a crucial piece of the development puzzle and the key to unlocking the potential of India’s economy and people. It is therefore necessary to discuss the solutions for future mobility in India.

Directive word

Discuss- This is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. We also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the solutions forwarded by the recent NITI Aayog report which aims to make India’s passenger mobility shared, electric, and connected.

Structure of the answer

Introduction-mention that safe, energy-efficient and low-emission systems are necessary for India to meet its international commitments on climate change, ensure environmental sustainability as well as foster inclusive growth for all. Mention the growing importance of electric vehicles, shared transport and connected systems to achieve these goals.

Body-

Discuss in points the solutions provided by the given NITI Aayog report.E.g

  • Governance- Establish a unified metropolitan planning authority that harnesses India’s IT and mobile application skills to deliver better modal integration through more cohesive planning. • Create metropolitan planning councils within city governments to combine transport, public-transit, and land-use agencies and accelerate mobility-oriented development (MOD) solutions through integrated planning. • Develop networked city-level innovation and incubation centres within city and/or state governments throughout India to identify, test, evaluate, and scale MOD solutions.
  • Policy and incentives- Institute feebates to complement CAFE regulations and provide continuous, technology-agnostic incentives for vehicle efficiency improvements. • Introduce zero-emission vehicle (ZEV) credits • Structure policies that encourage Mobility as a Service (MaaS) to disincentivize privately owned internal-combustion engine (ICE) vehicles, electrify more passenger kilometres, and provide more accessible, higher-quality mobility services at lower cost. • Roll out enhanced fiscal incentives to make EVs more profitable  • Design non-fiscal incentives , such as easier registration and preferred electricity tariffs, to support fiscal incentives and further speed EV adoption.
  • Infrastructure- Design regulations that enable electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) deployment and vehicle-grid integration (VGI) , empowering a Forum of Regulators (FOR) to create regulatory frameworks that make EV charging ubiquitous, affordable, and a grid asset. • Develop integrated transport hubs around the country to enhance mode integration and first- and last-mile connectivity.
  • Business models- Establish a manufacturer consortium for batteries, common components, and platforms to develop battery cell technologies. • Create standardized, smart, swappable batteries for 2- and 3-wheelers.
  • Data Access- Establish a central data sharing institution incubated by NITI Aayog to create national data standards, formulate rules for data sharing, and build capacity within the government and private sector to handle data use, monitoring, and issue resolution.

Conclusion- sum up your discussion in a few lines and form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the above issue.